Uptake and transport of radioactive cesium and strontium into grapevines after leaf contamination

Zehnder, HJ; Kopp, P; Eikenberg, J; Feller, Urs; Oertli, JJ (1995). Uptake and transport of radioactive cesium and strontium into grapevines after leaf contamination. Radiation physics and chemistry, 46(1), pp. 61-69. Elsevier 10.1016/0969-806X(94)00115-Z

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From 1989 to 1993 the foliar uptake of radioactive strontium (Sr-85) and cesium (Cs-134) by selected leaves of grapevine plants and the subsequent redistribution within the plants was examined under controlled conditions in a greenhouse. The radionuclides were applied as chlorides. These plants were grown in large pots containing a mixture of local soil and peat. Plant and soil samples were analyzed throughout the growing season and also during the following vegetation period. Only traces of the applied radiostrontium were taken up by the leaves. This element was essentially not redistributed within the plants. In contrast, radiocesium was easily taken up through the leaf surface, transported to other plant parts and to some extent released from the roots into the soil. Cesium reaching the soil may interact with clay particles causing a very reduced availability for plants. Therefore the soil may act as a long-term sink for radiocesium. On the other hand, grape berries represent transient sinks. The cesium levels in the berries decreased again in a late phase of maturation, but the mechanisms causing this loss are not yet identified. During the second vegetation period, only a very minor proportion of the radiocesium taken up previously by the plants was present in the above ground parts.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant nutrition [discontinued]
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Feller, Urs

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0969-806X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

05 Jul 2017 10:22

Last Modified:

21 Jul 2017 09:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/0969-806X(94)00115-Z

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91882

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91882

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