Mineral nutrition of Arnica montana L. and Arnica chamissonis ssp. foliosa maguire: Differences in the cation acquisition

Jenelten, U; Feller, Urs (1992). Mineral nutrition of Arnica montana L. and Arnica chamissonis ssp. foliosa maguire: Differences in the cation acquisition. Journal of plant nutrition, 15(11), pp. 2351-2361. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/01904169209364479

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The cultivation of the calcifuge Arnica montana naturally found on poor soils is important because of its pharmaceutical use. Influences of nutrient availability on the cation acquisition by the two Arnica species Arnica montana (Europe) and Arnica chamissonis (North America) were investigated in hydroponic culture. The contents of the divalent cations calcium and magnesium were higher on a dry matter basis in Arnica montana, while the quantities of the monovalent potassium were higher in Arnica chamissonis. High calcium concentrations in the medium lowered the accumulation of other cations in Arnica montana, but Arnica chamissonis was less affected. Arnica chamissonis was more susceptible to increased phosphate concentrations in the medium than Arnica montana. With 0.6 mM phosphate necrotic spots appeared on leaves of Arnica chamissonis. Arnica montana was not affected by this phosphate concentration, but the same symptoms became visible at higher phosphate levels. In both species, no major effect of the chemical form of the N-source on cation accumulation was observed. According to these results, the two Arnica species differ in the discrimination between the monovalent (K+) and the divalent (Ca++, Mg++) cations. Arnica montana and Arnica chamissonis (two species of the same genus) should be considered as an interesting model system for the investigation of cation acquisition and discrimination.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant nutrition (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Feller, Urs

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0190-4167

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

04 Jul 2017 10:55

Last Modified:

05 Jul 2017 09:35

Publisher DOI:

10.1080/01904169209364479

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91905

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91905

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