Patterns of proteolytic enzyme activities in different tissues of germinating corn (Zea mays L.)

Feller, Urs; Soong, TST; Hageman, RH (1978). Patterns of proteolytic enzyme activities in different tissues of germinating corn (Zea mays L.). Planta, 140(2), pp. 155-162. Springer 10.1007/BF00384915

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Profiles of pH dependence and activities of live proteolytic enzymes, amino- and carboxypeptidase and endopeptidases active at pH 3.8, 5.4 and 7.5, with casein as substrate, were determined in crude extracts from the various organs of corn seedlings during germination and early development (30°C, dark, 8 d). With respect to the endopeptidases, caseolytic activities at pH 3.8, 5.4 and 7.5 in extracts from endosperm increased concurrently with loss of endosperm N during germination; however, the relative amounts of the pH 7.5 activity were very small. In scutellum extracts, caseolytic activities at both pH 5.4 and 7.5 increased during the initial stages of development but only the increase at pH 5.4 was concurrent with loss of scutellar N. In shoot extracts, caseolytic activities at pH 5.4 and 7.5 were very low and remained relatively constant. There was a progressive increase in shoot N with time. In root extracts, caseolytic activities at pH 5.4 and 7.5 were higher (3-fold) than in shoot extracts. The activity at pH 5.4 remained constant while the activity at pH 7.5 increased during germination. The rate of accumulation of N by the root was low after day 5. The pattern and ratio but not the amounts of the pH 5.4 and 7.5 caseolytic activities of the root were similar to those observed in senescing leaves of field-grown corn. Addition of mercaptoethanol increased (several-fold) the caseolytic activities at pH 3.8 and 5.4, especially the latter, but not the pH 7.5 activity in endosperm extracts and increased the pH 5.4 activity in extracts from scutellum (30%) and roots (30%) while the effect in shoot extracts was negligible. Carboxypeptidase activity was relatively low in young tissue (root tip, 3-d-old shoots) and increased with development of the various organs except the roots (whole) where the activity remained relatively constant. The increases in carboxypeptidase activities were concurrent with decreases in N from endosperm and scutellum; this result indicates that this enzyme in these tissues may be involved (cooperatively with endopeptidases) in the mobilization of reserve protein. Of all the enzymes tested, only carboxypeptidase activity was markedly (in excess of 50%) inhibited by phenylmethylsulfonylfluoride. Only aminopeptidase activity was found in appreciable amounts in endosperm and scutellum of dry kernels. Aminopeptidase activity was highest in organs with high metabolic activity (scutella, shoot, root tips) and decreased in plant parts undergoing rapid loss of nitrogen (endosperm, senescing leaves).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant nutrition (discontinued)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Feller, Urs

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0032-0935

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

07 Mar 2017 09:08

Last Modified:

07 Mar 2017 09:08

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/BF00384915

PubMed ID:

24414472

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Aminopeptidases, Carboxypeptidases, Endopeptidases, Germination (seeds), Proteases, Seedling development, Zea

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91952

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91952

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