Influence of different CO2 concentrations on growth and composition of Lemna minor L. grown on nitrate or ammonium

Mueller, P; Feller, Urs; Erismann, KH (1977). Influence of different CO2 concentrations on growth and composition of Lemna minor L. grown on nitrate or ammonium. Zeitschrift für Pflanzenphysiologie, 85(3), pp. 233-241. Gustav Fischer Verlag 10.1016/S0044-328X(77)80249-3

[img] Text
1977_ZPflanzenphysiologie_85_233.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (453kB) | Request a copy

Lemna minor L. was grown in air with different CO2-concentrations with nitrate or ammonium as only nitrogen source under constant conditions (4500 Lux, 25 °C) for several generations. The plants were harvested in the exponential growth phase. After harvest the dry matter per frond and the contents of free sugars, starch, nitrate, ammonium, free amino acids and total reduced nitrogen were determined. The growth rate, the dry matter per frond and the contents of free sugars and starch increased from 100 to 9000 ppm CO2 on both nitrogen sources. The growth rate increased from 100 to 9000 ppm by about 70% and the dry matter per frond was doubled in this concentration interval. The content of free sugars was also about doubled and the starch content increased to the five fold level from 100 to 9000 ppm CO2. On nitrate the growth rate at 9000 ppm was a little lower, but the dry matter per frond was higher on nitrate. In contrast, total reduced nitrogen was mainly affected by the form of nitrogen supplied and CO2-concentration had only a small effect. On ammonium medium the total reduced nitrogen per milligram dry matter was about 20% higher than on nitrate. On nitrate medium the internal nitrate content increased with increasing CO2-concentrations (doubled from 100 to 9000 ppm). In this concentration range the free ammonium decreased to about 50% of the level at 100 ppm. On ammonium medium the internal ammonium was always about twice the level of nitrate grown plants. The interesting changes in free amino acids were similar for both nitrogen sources: a five fold increase from 100 to 9000 ppm CO2. The separation of the free amino acids showed that the major increase occured in the amide content (glutamine and asparagine). Alanine, glutamic acid and aspartic acid also increased. The contents of glycine, serine and histidine showed remarkable decreases from 100 to 9000 ppm CO2. For the photorespiration related amino acids glycine and serine the decrease can be explained by changes in relative activities of the RubP-carboxylase/oxygenase in favor of the carboxylase reaction by increasing CO2-concentrations. As a consequence, less P-glycolate, the primary substrate for photorespiration, is produced by the oxygenase reaction. Growth rate, dry matter accumulation per frond and free sugars and starch contents were dependent on the CO2-concentration, but ammonium and nitrate had only minor effects. Inorganic nitrogenous compounds and free amino acids were affected by both CO2- concentration and form of nitrogen supplied. In contrast, total reduced nitrogen per dry matter was affected by the form of nitrogen, but CO2-concentration had only a minor effect. High CO2-levels did not suppress primary assimilation of nitrogen into amino acids, but amino acid intermediary metabolism and/or the flow of amino acids into macromolecules was limited.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Plant nutrition [discontinued]
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Feller, Urs

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

ISSN:

0044-328X

Publisher:

Gustav Fischer Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

07 Mar 2017 08:07

Last Modified:

14 Nov 2019 21:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/S0044-328X(77)80249-3

Uncontrolled Keywords:

CO2-concentration, inorganic nitrogen source, Lemna minor

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.91956

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/91956

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback