Comparative value of post-remission treatment in cytogenetically normal AML subclassified by NPM1 and FLT3-ITD allelic ratio.

Versluis, J; In 't Hout, F E M; Devillier, R; van Putten, W L J; Manz, M G; Vekemans, M-C; Legdeur, M-C; Passweg, J R; Maertens, J; Kuball, J; Biemond, B J; Valk, P J M; van der Reijden, B A; Meloni, G; Schouten, H C; Vellenga, E; Pabst, Thomas; Willemze, R; Löwenberg, B; Ossenkoppele, G; ... (2017). Comparative value of post-remission treatment in cytogenetically normal AML subclassified by NPM1 and FLT3-ITD allelic ratio. Leukemia, 31(1), pp. 26-33. Nature Publishing Group 10.1038/leu.2016.183

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Post-remission treatment (PRT) in patients with cytogenetically normal (CN) acute myeloid leukemia (AML) in first complete remission (CR1) is debated. We studied 521 patients with CN-AML in CR1, for whom mutational status of NPM1 and FLT3-ITD was available, including the FLT3-ITD allelic ratio. PRT consisted of reduced intensity conditioning (RIC) allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (alloHSCT) (n=68), myeloablative conditioning (MAC) alloHSCT (n=137), autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (autoHSCT) (n=168) or chemotherapy (n=148). Favorable overall survival (OS) was found for patients with mutated NPM1 without FLT3-ITD (71±4%). Outcome in patients with a high FLT3-ITD allelic ratio appeared to be very poor with OS and relapse-free survival (RFS) of 23±8% and 12±6%, respectively. Patients with wild-type NPM1 without FLT3-ITD or with a low allelic burden of FLT3-ITD were considered as intermediate-risk group because of similar OS and RFS at 5 years, in which PRT by RIC alloHSCT resulted in better OS and RFS as compared with chemotherapy (hazard ratio (HR) 0.56, P=0.022 and HR 0.50, P=0.004, respectively) or autoHSCT (HR 0.60, P=0.046 and HR 0.60, P=0.043, respectively). The lowest cumulative incidence of relapse (23±4%) was observed following MAC alloHSCT. These results suggest that alloHSCT may be preferred in patients with molecularly intermediate-risk CN-AML, while the choice of conditioning type may be personalized according to risk for non-relapse mortality.Leukemia advance online publication, 15 July 2016; doi:10.1038/leu.2016.183.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Medical Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Pabst, Thomas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0887-6924

Publisher:

Nature Publishing Group

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marianne Zahn

Date Deposited:

27 Dec 2016 14:53

Last Modified:

14 Sep 2017 16:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/leu.2016.183

PubMed ID:

27416910

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.92011

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/92011

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