Nogo-A Neutralization Improves Graft Function in a Rat Model of Parkinson's Disease.

Seiler, Stefanie; Di Santo, Stefano; Widmer, Hans Rudolf (2016). Nogo-A Neutralization Improves Graft Function in a Rat Model of Parkinson's Disease. Frontiers in cellular neuroscience, 10, p. 87. Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fncel.2016.00087

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Transplantation of fetal human ventral mesencephalic (VM) dopaminergic neurons into the striatum is a promising strategy to compensate for the characteristic dopamine deficit observed in Parkinson's disease (PD). This therapeutic approach, however, is currently limited by the high number of fetuses needed for transplantation and the poor survival and functional integration of grafted dopaminergic neurons into the host brain. Accumulating evidence indicates that contrasting inhibitory signals endowed in the central nervous system (CNS) might support neuronal regeneration. Hence, in the present study we aimed at improving survival and integration of grafted cells in the host brain by neutralizing Nogo-A, one of the most potent neurite growth inhibitors in the CNS. For that purpose, VM tissue cultures were transplanted into rats with a partial 6-hydroxydopamine (6-OHDA) lesion causing a hemi-PD model and concomitantly treated for 2 weeks with intra-ventricular infusion of neutralizing anti-Nogo-A antibodies. Motor behavior using the cylinder test was assessed prior to and after transplantation as functional outcome. At the end of the experimental period the number of dopaminergic fibers growing into the host brain, the number of surviving dopaminergic neurons in the grafts as well as graft size was examined. We found that anti-Nogo-A antibody infusion significantly improved the asymmetrical forelimb use observed after lesions as compared to controls. Importantly, a significantly three-fold higher dopaminergic fiber outgrowth from the transplants was detected in the Nogo-A antibody treated group as compared to controls. Furthermore, Nogo-A neutralization showed a tendency for increased survival of dopaminergic neurons (by two-fold) in the grafts. No significant differences were observed for graft volume and the number of dopaminergic neurons co-expressing G-protein-coupled inward rectifier potassium channel subunit two between groups. In sum, our findings support the view that neutralization of Nogo-A in the host brain may offer a novel and therapeutically meaningful intervention for cell transplantation approaches in PD.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Neurochirurgie

UniBE Contributor:

Seiler, Stefanie; Di Santo, Stefano and Widmer, Hans Rudolf

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1662-5102

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

08 Mar 2017 15:12

Last Modified:

09 Sep 2017 18:40

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fncel.2016.00087

PubMed ID:

27092052

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Nogo-A; Parkinson’s disease; behavior; cell transplantation; dopaminergic neurons; rat

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.92423

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/92423

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