[Psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity in chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41)]

Studer, M.; Stewart, J.; Egloff, Niklaus; Zürcher, E.; von Känel, R.; Brodbeck, J.; grosse Holtforth, M. (2017). [Psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity in chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41)]. Der Schmerz, 31(1), pp. 40-46. Springer 10.1007/s00482-016-0159-9

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BACKGROUND: Increased pain sensitivity is characteristic for patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41). Persistent stress can induce, sustain, and intensify pain sensitivity, thereby modulating pain perception. In this context, it would be favorable to investigate which psychosocial stressors are empirically linked to pain sensitivity. OBJECTIVES: The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity in a naturalistic sample of patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41). MATERIALS AND METHODS: We assessed 166 patients with chronic pain disorder with somatic and psychological factors (F45.41) at entry into an inpatient pain clinic. Pain sensitivity was measured with a pain provocation test (Algopeg) at the middle finger and earlobe. Stressors assessed were exposure to war experiences, adverse childhood experiences, illness-related inability to work, relationship problems, and potentially life-threatening accidents. Correlation analyses and structural equation modeling were used to examine which stressors showed the strongest prediction of pain sensitivity. RESULTS: Patients exhibited generally heightened pain sensitivity. Both exposure to war and illness-related inability to work showed significant bivariate correlations with pain sensitivity. In addition to age, they also predicted a further increase in pain sensitivity in the structural equation model. CONCLUSIONS: Bearing in mind the limitations of this cross-sectional study, these findings may contribute to a better understanding of the link between psychosocial stressors and pain sensitivity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurology > Centre of Competence for Psychosomatic Medicine
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50 > Forschungsgruppe Psychosomatik

UniBE Contributor:

Studer, Martina; Stewart, Julian Anthony Wharton; Egloff, Niklaus; Zürcher-Hürlimann, Elian; von Känel, Roland; Brodbeck, Jeannette and grosse Holtforth, Martin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

0932-433X

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

German

Submitter:

Salome Irina Rahel Bötschi

Date Deposited:

03 Mar 2017 12:52

Last Modified:

19 Feb 2018 10:51

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00482-016-0159-9

PubMed ID:

27747463

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.92767

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/92767

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