GEC-ESTRO multicenter phase 3-trial: Accelerated partial breast irradiation with interstitial multicatheter brachytherapy versus external beam whole breast irradiation: Early toxicity and patient compliance.

Ott, Oliver J; Strnad, Vratislav; Hildebrandt, Guido; Kauer-Dorner, Daniela; Knauerhase, Hellen; Major, Tibor; Łyczek, Jaroslaw; Guinot, José Luis; Dunst, Jürgen; Miguelez, Cristina Gutierrez; Slampa, Pavel; Allgäuer, Michael; Lössl, Kristina; Polat, Bülent; Kovács, György; Fischedick, Arnt-René; Wendt, Thomas G; Fietkau, Rainer; Kortmann, Rolf-Dieter; Resch, Alexandra; ... (2016). GEC-ESTRO multicenter phase 3-trial: Accelerated partial breast irradiation with interstitial multicatheter brachytherapy versus external beam whole breast irradiation: Early toxicity and patient compliance. Radiotherapy and oncology, 120(1), pp. 119-123. Elsevier 10.1016/j.radonc.2016.06.019

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE To compare early side effects and patient compliance of accelerated partial breast irradiation (APBI) with multicatheter brachytherapy to external beam whole breast irradiation (WBI) in a low-risk group of patients with breast cancer. MATERIAL AND METHODS Between April 2004 and July 2009, 1328 patients with UICC stage 0-IIA breast cancer were randomized to receive WBI with 50Gy and a boost of 10Gy or APBI with either 32.0Gy/8 fractions, or 30.1Gy/7 fractions (HDR-brachytherapy), or 50Gy/0.60-0.80Gy per pulse (PDR-brachytherapy). This report focuses on early side-effects and patient compliance observed in 1186 analyzable patients. ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00402519. RESULTS Patient compliance was excellent in both arms. Both WBI and APBI were well tolerated with moderate early side-effects. No grade 4 toxicity had been observed. Grade 3 side effects were exclusively seen for early skin toxicity (radiation dermatitis) with 7% vs. 0.2% (p<0.0001), and breast infection with 0% vs. 0.2% (p=n.s.) for patients treated with WBI and APBI. The incidence of grades 1-2 early side effects for WBI and APBI was 86% vs. 21% (p<0.0001) for skin toxicity, 2% vs. 20% (p<0.0001) for mild hematoma, and 2% vs. 5% (p=0.01) for mild breast infection rates, respectively. No differences had been found regarding grades 1-2 early breast pain (26% vs. 29%, p=0.23). CONCLUSIONS APBI with interstitial multicatheter brachytherapy was tolerated very well and dramatically reduced early skin toxicity in comparison to standard WBI.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Lössl, Kristina

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0167-8140

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

16 Mar 2017 12:24

Last Modified:

20 Mar 2017 10:07

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.radonc.2016.06.019

PubMed ID:

27422584

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Accelerated partial breast irradiation; Breast cancer; Early toxicity; GEC-ESTRO APBI trial; Multicatheter brachytherapy; Randomized trial

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.92800

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/92800

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