Air pollution during pregnancy and lung development in the child.

Korten, Insa Christina Severine; Ramsey, Kathryn; Latzin, Philipp (2017). Air pollution during pregnancy and lung development in the child. Paediatric respiratory reviews, 21, pp. 38-46. Elsevier 10.1016/j.prrv.2016.08.008

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Air pollution exposure has increased extensively in recent years and there is considerable evidence that exposure to particulate matter can lead to adverse respiratory outcomes. The health impacts of exposure to air pollution during the prenatal period is especially concerning as it can impair organogenesis and organ development, which can lead to long-term complications. Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy affects respiratory health in different ways. Lung development might be impaired by air pollution indirectly by causing lower birth weight, premature birth or disturbed development of the immune system. Exposure to air pollution during pregnancy has also been linked to decreased lung function in infancy and childhood, increased respiratory symptoms, and the development of childhood asthma. In addition, impaired lung development contributes to infant mortality. The mechanisms of how prenatal air pollution affects the lungs are not fully understood, but likely involve interplay of environmental and epigenetic effects. The current epidemiological evidence on the effect of air pollution during pregnancy on lung function and children's respiratory health is summarized in this review. While evidence for the adverse effects of prenatal air pollution on lung development and health continue to mount, rigorous actions must be taken to reduce air pollution exposure and thus long-term respiratory morbidity and mortality.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Korten, Insa Christina Severine and Latzin, Philipp

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1526-0542

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Schaller

Date Deposited:

17 Feb 2017 16:57

Last Modified:

17 Feb 2017 16:57

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.prrv.2016.08.008

PubMed ID:

27665510

Uncontrolled Keywords:

air pollution; infant mortality; lung development; lung function; pregnancy; respiratory health

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.92903

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/92903

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