A new mandible-specific landmark reference system for three-dimensional cephalometry using cone-beam computed tomography.

Pittayapat, Pisha; Jacobs, Reinhilde; Bornstein, Michael; Odri, Guillaume A; Kwon, Min Sung; Lambrichts, Ivo; Willems, Guy; Politis, Constantinus; Olszewski, Raphaël (2016). A new mandible-specific landmark reference system for three-dimensional cephalometry using cone-beam computed tomography. European journal of orthodontics, 38(6), pp. 563-568. Oxford University Press 10.1093/ejo/cjv088

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OBJECTIVES To develop a novel 3D landmark reference system that is specific for mandibular midline cephalometric landmarks and to assess its repeatability and reproducibility. METHODS Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) scans (3D Accuitomo® 170) were performed on 26 dry human skulls. The CBCT data were exported into DICOM files and imported to Maxilim® software to create 3D surface models. Two observers identified five landmarks to create a specific mid-sagittal mandibular plane: two mandibular foramina, two molar landmarks and one interincisive landmark. On this mid-sagittal mandibular plane, four mandibular cephalometric landmarks were marked: Point B, Pogonion, Gnathion and Menton. All observations were repeated by the two observers after an interval of 4 weeks. The coordinates (x, y, z) of each landmark were exported, and statistical analyses were performed to evaluate inter- and intra-rater precision. RESULTS The intra-observer median precision in locating all landmarks ranged between 0.17 and 0.61mm. The intra-observer repeatability was generally good with a precision under 1mm in more than 50 per cent. The overall median inter-observer precision was 0.26-2.30mm. The mandibular foramina showed the best inter-observer reproducibility. The general inter-observer reproducibility was moderate to good, except for Pogonion and Point B. LIMITATIONS Dry human skulls may not represent anatomical conditions found in living patients, thus the system should be validated using patients' data. CONCLUSION The novel reference system offered good precision and generally good to moderate repeatability and reproducibility for mandibular midline cephalometric landmark identification in three dimensions. These findings will be useful for further improvement of 3D cephalometric systems.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Oral Surgery and Stomatology

UniBE Contributor:

Bornstein, Michael

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0141-5387

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

23 Mar 2017 14:18

Last Modified:

01 Jan 2020 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ejo/cjv088

PubMed ID:

26683131

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.93136

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/93136

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