Diamond detectors for high-temperature transactinide chemistry experiments

Steinegger, Patrick; Dressler, Rugard; Eichler, Robert; Piguet, Dave; Streuli, Silvan; Türler, Andreas (2017). Diamond detectors for high-temperature transactinide chemistry experiments. Nuclear instruments & methods in physics research. Section A - accelerators, spectrometers, detectors and associated equipment, 850, pp. 61-67. North-Holland 10.1016/j.nima.2016.12.014

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Here, we present the fabrication details and functional tests of diamond-based α-spectroscopic sensors, dedicated for high-temperature experiments, targeting the chemistry of transactinide elements. Direct heating studies with this sensor material, revealed a current upper temperature threshold for a safe α -spectroscopic operation of View the MathML sourceTdet=453K. Up to this temperature, the diamond sensor could be operated in a stable manner over long time periods of the order of days. A satisfying resolution of View the MathML source≈50keVFWHM was maintained throughout all conducted measurements. However, exceeding the mentioned temperature limit led to a pronounced spectroscopic degradation in the range of View the MathML source453−473K, thereby preventing any further α-spectroscopic application. These findings are in full agreement with available literature data. The presented detector development generally enables the chemical investigation of more short-lived and less volatile transactinide elements and their compounds, yet unreachable with the currently employed silicon-based solid state sensors. In a second part, the design, construction, and α-spectroscopic performance of a 4-segmented diamond detector, dedicated and used for transactinide element research, is given as an application example.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Steinegger, Patrick; Eichler, Robert and Türler, Andreas

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0168-9002

Publisher:

North-Holland

Language:

English

Submitter:

Franziska Bornhauser-Rufer

Date Deposited:

19 Jan 2017 17:27

Last Modified:

11 Feb 2017 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.nima.2016.12.014

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.93775

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/93775

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