Effects of facial tooth movement on the periodontium in rats: a comparison between conventional and low force.

Danz, Jan; Bibby, Bo M; Katsaros, Christos; Stavropoulos, Andreas (2016). Effects of facial tooth movement on the periodontium in rats: a comparison between conventional and low force. Journal of clinical periodontology, 43(3), pp. 229-237. Wiley 10.1111/jcpe.12505

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BACKGROUND Bone dehiscences and gingival recession have been associated with orthodontic arch expansion. The aim of this study was to assess and compare periodontal modelling during application of two force levels. METHODS The second and third upper molars were orthodontically moved buccally with conventional or low forces for 60 or 90 days in 32 rats. Ten non-treated animals were used as controls. The influence of force level and time on dental, skeletal and periodontal parameters (i.e. height and thickness of gingiva and bone) was assessed on histomicrographs using a mixed linear model. RESULTS Facial tooth position (725 μm, CI 379-1072 μm, distal root of the third molar) and maxillary skeletal width (295 μm, CI 168-421 μm) differed significantly between force groups. Despite bone apposition at the facial aspects of the moved roots, bone dehiscences were developing and bone thickness was decreasing during facial tooth movement. Development of gingival recession was scarce and in cases with extreme facial tooth movement. No remarkable differences between force levels were found for any of the periodontal parameters. CONCLUSIONS Facial tooth movement with conventional or low forces resulted in similar modelling of facial alveolar bone and gingiva.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Orthodontics

UniBE Contributor:

Danz, Jan and Katsaros, Christos


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2017 08:57

Last Modified:

11 Sep 2017 10:03

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

animal; bone dehiscence; force level; gingival recession; orthodontics; tooth movement





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