Cross-sectional imaging in cancers of the head and neck: how we review and report.

Tshering Vogel, Dechen Wangmo; Thöny, Harriet C. (2016). Cross-sectional imaging in cancers of the head and neck: how we review and report. Cancer imaging : the official publication of the International Cancer Imaging Society, 16(1), p. 20. BioMed Central 10.1186/s40644-016-0075-3

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Cancer of the head and neck is the sixth most frequent cancer worldwide and associated with significant morbidity. The head and neck area is complex and divided into various anatomical and functional subunits. Imaging is performed by cross-sectional modalities like computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, ultrasound and positron emission tomography-computed tomography, usually with fluorine-18-deoxy-D-glucose. Therefore, knowledge of the cross-sectional anatomy is very important. This article seeks to give an overview of the various cross-sectional imaging modalities used in the evaluation of head and neck cancers. It briefly describes the anatomy of the extracranial head and neck and the role of imaging as well as the imaging appearance of tumours and their extension to lymph nodes, bone and surrounding tissue. The advantages and disadvantages as well as basic requirements of the various modalities are described along with ways of optimizing imaging quality. A general guideline for prescription of the various modalities is given. Pitfalls are many and varied and can be due to anatomical variation, due to pathology which can be misinterpreted and technical due to peculiarities of the various imaging modalities. Knowledge of these pitfalls can help to avoid misinterpretation. The important points to be mentioned while reporting are also enumerated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Tshering Vogel, Dechen Wangmo, Thöny, Harriet C.


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




BioMed Central




Karin Hofmann

Date Deposited:

19 Apr 2017 13:54

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:02

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:





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