Effect of morbid obesity, gastric banding and gastric bypass on esophageal symptoms, mucosa and function.

Borovicka, Jan; Krieger-Grübel, Claudia; van der Weg, Boudewijn; Thurnheer, Martin; Schultes, Bernd; Sulz, Michael Christian; Gutzwiler, Jean-Pierre; Bisang, Philipp; Pohl, Daniel; Fried, Michael; Meyenberger, Christa; Tutuian, Radu (2017). Effect of morbid obesity, gastric banding and gastric bypass on esophageal symptoms, mucosa and function. Surgical endoscopy and other interventional techniques, 31(2), pp. 552-560. Springer 10.1007/s00464-016-4996-5

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BACKGROUND Obesity and gastroesophageal reflux disease (GERD) are commonly associated diseases. Bariatric surgery has been shown to have various impacts on esophageal function and GERD. Our aim was to evaluate changes in symptoms, endoscopic findings, bolus passage and esophageal function in patients after primary gastric bypass surgery as compared to patients converted from gastric banding to gastric bypass. METHODS Obese patients scheduled for laparoscopic Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (naïve-to-bypass) and patients who previously underwent gastric banding and were considered for conversion from gastric banding to gastric bypass (band-to-bypass) were included. Patients rated esophageal and epigastric symptoms (100 point VAS) and underwent upper endoscopy, impedance-manometry, and modified "timed barium swallow" before/after surgery. RESULTS Data from 66 naïve-to-bypass patients (51/66, 77 % females, mean age 41.2 ± 11.1 years) and 68 band-to-bypass patients (53/68, 78 % females, mean age 43.8 ± 10.0 years) were available for analysis. Esophageal symptoms, esophagitis, esophageal motility abnormalities and impaired esophageal bolus transit were more common in patients that underwent gastric banding compared to those that underwent gastric bypass. The majority of symptoms, lesions and abnormalities induced by gastric banding were decreased by conversion to gastric bypass. Esophagitis was present in 28/68 (41 %) and 13/47 (28 %) patients in the band-to-bypass group, pre- versus postoperatively, respectively, (p < 0.05). The percentage of swallows with normal bolus transit increased following transformation from gastric band to gastric bypass (57.9 ± 4.1 and 83.6 ± 3.4 %, respectively, p < 0.01). CONCLUSIONS From an esophageal perspective, gastric bypass surgery induces less motility disorders and esophageal symptoms and should be therefore favored over gastric banding in difficult to treat obese patients at risk of repeated bariatric surgery.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology

UniBE Contributor:

Tutuian, Radu

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0930-2794

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lilian Karin Smith-Wirth

Date Deposited:

03 May 2017 09:28

Last Modified:

03 May 2017 09:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00464-016-4996-5

PubMed ID:

27287911

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bariatric surgery; Endoscopy; Impedance–manometry; Obesity

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.94404

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/94404

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