Structural and individual factors of sports participation of youth – a comparison between German- and French-speaking municipalities in Switzerland

Hayoz, Christelle Vanessa; Klostermann, Claudia; Schlesinger, Torsten; Nagel, Siegfried (June 2017). Structural and individual factors of sports participation of youth – a comparison between German- and French-speaking municipalities in Switzerland (Unpublished). In: 14th European Association for Sociology of Sport Confernce. Prague. 14.-17.06.2017.

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Introduction Sports participation differs considerably depending on the linguistic region in Switzerland. The German-speaking population shows a higher sports activity than French or Italian-speaking citizens (Lamprecht, Fischer, & Stamm, 2014). This study analyses how different structural conditions in the municipalities and sports-related orientations of individuals across the German and French-speaking regions of Switzerland correlate with sports participation of adolescents and young adults. Methods In order to identify possible structural factors, municipal sports leaders (n = 36) in German and French-speaking municipalities were surveyed. In addition, sports providers (n = 294) completed an online questionnaire about their sports offer. Individual factors pertaining to adolescents and young adults, were collected through an online survey of the 15- to 30-year-old population (N = 4'039, Mage = 21.5, SDage = 4.64). Results Sports participation is significantly higher in German-speaking municipalities (84%) compared to French-speaking municipalities (76.2%) (χ2 (1, N = 4039) = 33.058, p < .001). Moreover, adolescents and young adults of French-speaking municipalities are less satisfied with the local sports offer (t(3058)= 6.386, p < .001) and the sports infrastructure (t(3218) = 7.104, p < .001). Inhabitants of German-speaking municipalities give more importance to their body appearance (t(3700) = 7.124, p < .05) and are less ashamed for their bodies during sports activities (t(3691) = -5.098., p < .05). Discussion/Conclusion These findings show that structural conditions in municipalities as well as the youth's individual perception and individual sports-related orientations may be relevant for the sports participation of adolescents and young adults. References Lamprecht, M., Fischer, A., & Stamm, H. P. (2014). Sport Schweiz 2014: Sportaktivität und Sportinteresse der Schweizer Bevölkerung [Sports in Switzerland 2014: Sports activities and interest in sports among the Swiss population]. Magglingen: Bundesamt für Sport.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Abstract)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Sport Science III

UniBE Contributor:

Hayoz, Christelle Vanessa; Klostermann, Claudia; Schlesinger, Torsten and Nagel, Siegfried

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christelle Vanessa Hayoz

Date Deposited:

02 Feb 2017 15:04

Last Modified:

16 Feb 2017 16:00

Uncontrolled Keywords:

sports participation, structural conditions, individual orientations, adolescents and young adults

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.94631

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/94631

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