Serum antibody levels against Porphyromonas gingivalis in patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis - a systematic review and meta-analysis.

Bender, Philip; Bürgin, Walter Bruno; Sculean, Anton; Eick, Sigrun (2017). Serum antibody levels against Porphyromonas gingivalis in patients with and without rheumatoid arthritis - a systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinical oral investigations, 21(1), pp. 33-42. Springer 10.1007/s00784-016-1938-5

[img] Text
art%3A10.1007%2Fs00784-016-1938-5.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (858kB) | Request a copy

OBJECTIVES Since the peptidyl arginine deiminase of Porphyromonas gingivalis is able to citrullinate peptides and proteins, various studies have suggested the species as a possible link between periodontal disease (PD) and rheumatoid arthritis (RA). This systematic review including meta-analysis was aimed to evaluate whether differences in terms of antibody titers against P. gingivalis exist between RA patients and systemically healthy individuals with and without PD. MATERIALS AND METHODS The following focused question was addressed: Are the antibody titers against P. gingivalis of RA patients different from systemically healthy individuals with and without PD? A systematic data search was conducted in MEDLINE and EMBASE. The collected data underwent a meta-analysis to detect statistically significant differences in terms of antibody levels between the groups. RESULTS From 114 articles found by the search 13 articles met the inclusion criteria and provided data suitable for meta-analysis. After analyzing various levels of confinement the meta-analysis revealed a statistically significant higher antibody titer against P. gingivalis in patients suffering from RA in comparison with systemically and periodontally healthy controls (p < 0.01) and systemically healthy patients with PD (p < 0.01). CONCLUSION The present findings indicate that RA is often accompanied by the presence of an immune response against P. gingivalis. CLINICAL RELEVANCE The significantly higher antibody response to P. gingivalis in comparison to systemically healthy individuals supports the link between PD and RA by P. gingivalis. Screening of the regularly taken blood samples of RA patients for P. gingivalis antibodies may help to sensitize rheumatologists and RA patients for improving periodontal health.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Preventive, Restorative and Pediatric Dentistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Bender, Philip; Bürgin, Walter Bruno; Sculean, Anton and Eick, Sigrun

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Eveline Carmen Schuler

Date Deposited:

10 May 2017 13:20

Last Modified:

29 Jan 2019 12:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-016-1938-5

PubMed ID:

27561661

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Periodontal disease, Porphyromonas gingivalis, Rheumatoid Arthritis, Serum antibody levels

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.94791

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/94791

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback