Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials assessing safety and efficacy of posterior pericardial drainage in patients undergoing heart surgery.

Gozdek, Mirosław; Pawliszak, Wojciech; Hagner, Wojciech; Zalewski, Paweł; Kowalewski, Janusz; Paparella, Domenico; Carrel, Thierry; Anisimowicz, Lech; Kowalewski, Mariusz (2017). Systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials assessing safety and efficacy of posterior pericardial drainage in patients undergoing heart surgery. The journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery, 153(4), 865-875.e12. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jtcvs.2016.11.057

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OBJECTIVES

To investigate the potential beneficial effects of posterior pericardial drainage in patients undergoing heart surgery.

METHODS

Multiple online databases and relevant congress proceedings were screened for randomized controlled trials assessing the efficacy and safety of posterior pericardial drainage, defined as posterior pericardiotomy incision, chest tube to posterior pericardium, or both. Primary endpoint was in-hospital/30 days' cardiac tamponade. Secondary endpoints comprised death or cardiac arrest, early and late pericardial effusion, postoperative atrial fibrillation (POAF), acute kidney injury, pulmonary complications, and length of hospital stay.

RESULTS

Nineteen randomized controlled trials that enrolled 3425 patients were included. Posterior pericardial drainage was associated with a significant 90% reduction of the odds of cardiac tamponade compared with the control group: odds ratio (95% confidence interval) 0.13 (0.07-0.25); P < .001. The corresponding event rates were 0.42% versus 4.95%. The odds of early and late pericardial effusion were reduced significantly in the intervention arm: 0.20 (0.11-0.36); P < .001 and 0.05 (0.02-0.10); P < .001, respectively. Posterior pericardial drainage significantly reduced the odds of POAF by 58% (P < .001) and was associated with significantly shortened (by nearly 1 day) overall length of hospital stay (P < .001). Reductions in postoperative complications translated into significantly reduced odds of death or cardiac arrest (P = .03) and numerically lower odds of acute kidney injury (P = .08).

CONCLUSIONS

Posterior pericardial drainage is safe and simple technique that significantly reduces not only the prevalence of early pericardial effusion and POAF but also late pericardial effusion and cardiac tamponade. These benefits, in turn, translate into improved survival after heart surgery.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Carrel, Thierry

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1097-685X

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Huber

Date Deposited:

09 Feb 2017 11:03

Last Modified:

13 Mar 2021 07:53

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jtcvs.2016.11.057

PubMed ID:

28087110

Uncontrolled Keywords:

atrial fibrillation; cardiac tamponade; coronary artery bypass grafting; meta-analysis; pericardial effusion; posterior pericardiotomy; systematic review

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.94896

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/94896

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