[Dipyrone (metamizole) : Considerations on monitoring for early detection of agranulocytosis].

Stamer, Ulrike; Gundert-Remy, U; Biermann, E; Erlenwein, J; Meiβner, W; Wirz, S; Stammschulte, T (2017). [Dipyrone (metamizole) : Considerations on monitoring for early detection of agranulocytosis]. Der Schmerz, 31(1), pp. 5-13. Springer 10.1007/s00482-016-0160-3

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BACKGROUND Dipyrone (metamizole) is a non-opioid analgesic commonly used in Germany, which can, in very rare cases, cause life-threatening agranulocytosis. The prescribing information calls for regular monitoring of the differential blood count in cases of long-term treatment. However, there is uncertainty about how this testing should be handled in practice. OBJECTIVES Which recommendations can be derived from the published literature for evaluating blood cell counts during treatment with metamizole and which other options for monitoring exist? METHODS Data from recent epidemiological studies, reviews, and spontaneously reported cases were evaluated. RESULTS Agranulocytosis can emerge at highly variable intervals ranging from the first day of metamizole treatment to months after treatment has begun. As a result, there is no conclusive, evidence-based recommendation for the time intervals at which blood cell counts should be tested. Therefore, the onset of clinical symptoms should be used as trigger for monitoring blood cell counts to enable early diagnosis and avoid agranulocytosis-related complications. In addition to general symptoms like fever, sore throat, fatigue, and muscle pain, mucosal ulcerations, severe angina, and systemic infections leading to sepsis are typical of agranulocytosis. CONCLUSIONS Providing patients and medical staff with better information about early symptoms of agranulocytosis could be a sensible way to prevent complications. Any suspicion of agranulocytosis should immediately lead to a differential blood count and to the withdrawal of all drugs possibly associated with agranulocytosis. Patients should be monitored and treated according to the severity of their symptoms.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Intensive Care, Emergency Medicine and Anaesthesiology (DINA) > Clinic and Policlinic for Anaesthesiology and Pain Therapy

UniBE Contributor:

Stamer, Ulrike

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0932-433X

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

German

Submitter:

Jeannie Wurz

Date Deposited:

21 Mar 2017 09:01

Last Modified:

23 Jan 2018 12:13

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00482-016-0160-3

PubMed ID:

27766404

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Agranulocytosis; Diagnosis; Differential blood count; Dipyrone; Symptoms

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.95185

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95185

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