Effects of dry period length and dietary energy source on lactation curve characteristics over 2 subsequent lactations.

Chen, J; Kok, A; Remmelink, G J; Gross, Josef Johann; Bruckmaier, Rupert; Kemp, B; van Knegsel, A T M (2016). Effects of dry period length and dietary energy source on lactation curve characteristics over 2 subsequent lactations. Journal of dairy science, 99(11), pp. 9287-9299. American Dairy Science Association 10.3168/jds.2016-11253

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This study evaluated the effects of dry period (DP) length and dietary energy source on lactation curve characteristics over 2 subsequent lactations. It also evaluated the relationships of energy balance or metabolic status in early lactation with lactation curve characteristics in dairy cows. Holstein-Friesian dairy cows (n=167) were assigned randomly to 1 of 3 DP lengths (0-, 30-, or 60-d) and 1 of 2 early-lactation diets (glucogenic or lipogenic) for 2 subsequent lactations. In the second lactation following DP length treatments, 19 cows in the 0-d DP group were assigned to a 0→67-d DP group (actual days dry: 67±8d). Cows were allocated to this new group when they had a milk yield of <4kg/d at least 30d before their expected calving date. Fat- and protein-corrected milk (FPCM) was calculated weekly per cow in both lactations. Blood samples were taken weekly from calving to wk 4 after calving. A Wilmink lactation curve for each lactation was modeled based on FPCM yield records from calving through 305 DIM. During the first lactation following DP length treatments, cows with a 0- or 30-d DP had lower peak yield, later time of peak yield, and lower FPCM305 than cows with a 60-d DP. In the second lactation following DP length treatments, cows with a 0- or 30-d DP had lower peak yield than cows with a 60-d DP. In both lactations, lactation persistency was not affected by DP length and none of the lactation curve characteristics were affected by diet. In parity >2 cows, total FPCM yield and average daily FPCM yield throughout 2 lactations did not differ among DP lengths. In addition, average energy balance in the first 4wk after calving had a negative relationship with peak yield and FPCM305, and a positive relationship with lactation persistency. Average plasma concentrations of free fatty acids and β-hydroxybutyrate had a positive relationship with peak yield and FPCM305, and a negative relationship with lactation persistency. Shortening or omitting the DP affected lactation curve characteristics in both lactations after implementation of DP length treatments but did not compromise FPCM yield compared with a conventional DP of 60d in parity >2 cows. Severe negative energy balance and poor metabolic status were related to greater peak yield, FPCM305, and lower lactation persistency.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Gross, Josef Johann and Bruckmaier, Rupert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0022-0302

Publisher:

American Dairy Science Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lorenzo Enrique Hernandez Castellano

Date Deposited:

24 Jul 2017 08:32

Last Modified:

24 Jul 2017 08:32

Publisher DOI:

10.3168/jds.2016-11253

PubMed ID:

27568049

Uncontrolled Keywords:

dry period length; lactation persistency; long-term effect; milk yield

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.95425

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95425

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