Metabolic adaptation recorded during one lactation does not allow predicting longevity in dairy cows.

Gross, Josef Johann; Grossen-Rösti, Linda; Schmitz-Hsu, F; Bruckmaier, Rupert (2016). Metabolic adaptation recorded during one lactation does not allow predicting longevity in dairy cows. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 158(8), pp. 565-571. Huber 10.17236/sat00078

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INTRODUCTION Metabolic and health disorders account distinctly for culling in dairy cows. This study investigated if metabolic status obtained once in life during a negative energy balance in early lactation allows to predict age and lifetime performance animals achieved at culling. Metabolically stressed cows entering at least their 3rd lactation (n = 200, parity: 5.0 ± 2.1, mean ± SD) were selected from a field study conducted in Switzerland. Age of cows at culling ranged from 4.7 to 20.2 years with parities from 3 to 17. From cows with known reasons of culling, 28.4% were culled because of fertility, 16.4% due to udder health, 15.5% due to high age and 10.4% because of claw health/lameness. A retrospective classification of the one-time recorded metabolic adaptation in week 4 post partum did not differ between animals of different parities at culling. Furthermore, there was no relationship neither between the metabolic adaptation recorded in a preceding lactation and the number of lactations achieved, nor to the lifetime milk production. Contrary to the wide spread assumptions, an inadequate adaptation due to a high metabolic load in early lactation may not result in an earlier culling of dairy cows, although they are more prone to metabolic disorders.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Physiology
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Gross, Josef Johann; Grossen-Rösti, Linda and Bruckmaier, Rupert

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0036-7281

Publisher:

Huber

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lorenzo Enrique Hernandez Castellano

Date Deposited:

21 Jul 2017 08:41

Last Modified:

21 Jul 2017 08:41

Publisher DOI:

10.17236/sat00078

PubMed ID:

27518731

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Langlebigkeit; Milchkuh; Robustheit; Stoffwechsel; dairy cow; longevity; metabolism; robustness

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95427

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