Managing research and surveillance projects in real-time with a novel open-source eManagement tool designed for under-resourced countries.

Steiner, Andreas; Hella, Jerry; Grüninger, Servan; Mhalu, Grace; Mhimbira, Francis; Cercamondi, Colin I; Doulla, Basra; Maire, Nicolas; Fenner, Lukas (2016). Managing research and surveillance projects in real-time with a novel open-source eManagement tool designed for under-resourced countries. Journal of the American Medical Informatics Association, 23(5), pp. 916-923. Oxford University Press 10.1093/jamia/ocv185

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OBJECTIVE A software tool is developed to facilitate data entry and to monitor research projects in under-resourced countries in real-time. METHODS The eManagement tool "odk_planner" is written in the scripting languages PHP and Python. The odk_planner is lightweight and uses minimal internet resources. It was designed to be used with the open source software Open Data Kit (ODK). The users can easily configure odk_planner to meet their needs, and the online interface displays data collected from ODK forms in a graphically informative way. The odk_planner also allows users to upload pictures and laboratory results and sends text messages automatically. User-defined access rights protect data and privacy. RESULTS We present examples from four field applications in Tanzania successfully using the eManagement tool: 1) clinical trial; 2) longitudinal Tuberculosis (TB) Cohort Study with a complex visit schedule, where it was used to graphically display missing case report forms, upload digitalized X-rays, and send text message reminders to patients; 3) intervention study to improve TB case detection, carried out at pharmacies: a tablet-based electronic referral system monitored referred patients, and sent automated messages to remind pharmacy clients to visit a TB Clinic; and 4) TB retreatment case monitoring designed to improve drug resistance surveillance: clinicians at four public TB clinics and lab technicians at the TB reference laboratory used a smartphone-based application that tracked sputum samples, and collected clinical and laboratory data. CONCLUSIONS The user friendly, open source odk_planner is a simple, but multi-functional, Web-based eManagement tool with add-ons that helps researchers conduct studies in under-resourced countries.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)

UniBE Contributor:

Fenner, Lukas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

1067-5027

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

09 Feb 2017 12:02

Last Modified:

24 Oct 2019 21:21

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/jamia/ocv185

PubMed ID:

26911813

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Open Data Kit data management tool electronic data entry open-source software paperless real-time monitoring

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.95438

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/95438

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