Impact of artifacts on VOR gain measures by video-oculography in the acute vestibular syndrome.

Mantokoudis, Georgios; Saber Tehrani, Ali S; Wozniak, Amy; Eibenberger, Karin; Kattah, Jorge C; Guede, Cynthia I; Zee, David S; Newman-Toker, David E (2016). Impact of artifacts on VOR gain measures by video-oculography in the acute vestibular syndrome. Journal of vestibular research - equilibrium & orientation, 26(4), pp. 375-385. IOS Press 10.3233/VES-160587

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The video head impulse test (HIT) measures vestibular function (vestibulo-ocular reflex [VOR] gain - ratio of eye to head movement), and, in principle, could be used to make a distinction between central and peripheral causes of vertigo. However, VOG recordings contain artifacts, so using unfiltered device data might bias the final diagnosis, limiting application in frontline healthcare settings such as the emergency department (ED). We sought to assess whether unfiltered data (containing artifacts) from a video-oculography (VOG) device have an impact on VOR gain measures in acute vestibular syndrome (AVS).


This cross-sectional study compared VOG HIT results 'unfiltered' (standard device output) versus 'filtered' (artifacts manually removed) and relative to a gold standard final diagnosis (neuroimaging plus clinical follow-up) in 23 ED patients with acute dizziness, nystagmus, gait disturbance and head motion intolerance.


Mean VOR gain assessment alone (unfiltered device data) discriminated posterior inferior cerebellar artery (PICA) strokes from vestibular neuritis with 91% accuracy in AVS. Optimal stroke discrimination cut points were bilateral VOR gain >0.7099 (unfiltered data) versus >0.7041 (filtered data). For PICA stroke sensitivity and specificity, there was no clinically-relevant difference between unfiltered and filtered data-sensitivity for PICA stroke was 100% for both data sets and specificity was almost identical (87.5% unfiltered versus 91.7% filtered). More impulses increased gain precision.


The bedside HIT remains the single best method for discriminating between vestibular neuritis and PICA stroke in patients presenting AVS. Quantitative VOG HIT testing in the ED is associated with frequent artifacts that reduce precision but not accuracy. At least 10-20 properly-performed HIT trials per tested ear are recommended for a precise VOR gain estimate.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Ear, Nose and Throat Disorders (ENT)

UniBE Contributor:

Mantokoudis, Georgios


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




IOS Press




Stefan Weder

Date Deposited:

17 May 2017 14:53

Last Modified:

15 Oct 2019 14:36

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Eye movement measurements; diagnosis; stroke; vertigo; vestibular neuritis; vestibulo-ocular reflex


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