Dehydration and thermal stability of elpidite: An in-situ single crystal X-ray diffraction study

Cametti, Georgia; Armbruster, Thomas Michael; Nagashima, Mariko (2016). Dehydration and thermal stability of elpidite: An in-situ single crystal X-ray diffraction study. Microporous and mesoporous materials, 227, pp. 81-87. Elsevier 10.1016/j.micromeso.2016.02.049

[img] Text
Elpidite_MMM2016.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (1MB) | Request a copy

Elpidite Na2ZrSi6O15·3H2O is a natural zirconosilicate with space group Pbcm. A sample from Mt. Saint Hilaire (Canada) was investigated between 25 and 350 °C under different humidity conditions (RH = 0% and at RH = 100%). The largest structural channels are eight- and ten-rings delimited by corner-sharing SiO4 tetrahedra and ZrO6 octahedra.

Under dry conditions, the structure started liberating water at 75 °C. At 100 °C, when it lost one H2O molecule, elpidite underwent a structural change from space group Pbcm to Cmce.

The structure continuously released water up to 225 °C until it became anhydrous. From 225 °C to 350 °C no structural changes were observed. Associated with the transition from Pbcm to Cmce symmetry, the unit-cell volume reduced by 2.7%. An additional decrease is observed up to 225 °C when the contraction reached 3.4% of the starting volume. After release of all H2O molecules, increase of temperature led to gradual expansion of the unit cell from 2940.79 (7) Å3 at 225 °C to 2947.4 (5) Å3 at 350 °C.

Supplementary ex-situ heating experiments showed that the structure was retained up to 950 °C but after heating at 1200 °C the sample melted.

Under humid conditions a dehydration-trend similar to that found under a dry N2-atmosphere was observed but the structural changes occurred at slightly higher temperatures.

Immersion of a dehydrated sample in water for 30 days led to only marginal rehydration and the Cmce symmetry was preserved.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Mineralogy
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Cametti, Georgia and Armbruster, Thomas Michael


500 Science > 540 Chemistry
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology








Georgia Cametti

Date Deposited:

07 Jun 2017 13:03

Last Modified:

07 Jun 2017 13:03

Publisher DOI:





Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback