Role of granule proteases in the life and death of neutrophils.

Benarafa, Charaf; Simon, Hans-Uwe (2017). Role of granule proteases in the life and death of neutrophils. Biochemical and biophysical research communications, 482(3), pp. 473-481. Academic Press 10.1016/j.bbrc.2016.11.086

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Neutrophils constitute a crucial component of the innate immune defenses against microbes. Produced in the bone marrow and patrolling in blood vessels, neutrophils are recruited to injured tissues and are immediately active to contain pathogen invasion. Neutrophils undergo programmed cell death by multiple, context-specific pathways, which have consequences on immunopathology and disease outcome. Studies in the last decade indicate additional functions for neutrophils - or a subset of neutrophils - in modulating adaptive responses and tumor progression. Neutrophil granules contain abundant amounts of various proteases, which are directly implicated in protective and pathogenic functions of neutrophils. It now emerges that neutral serine proteases such as cathepsin G and proteinase-3 also contribute to the neutrophil life cycle, but do so via different pathways than that of the aspartate protease cathepsin D and that of mutants of the serine protease elastase. The aim of this review is to appraise the present knowledge of the function of neutrophil granule proteases and their inhibitors in neutrophil cell death, and to integrate these findings in the current understandings of neutrophil life cycle and programmed cell death pathways.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Theodor Kocher Institute
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Pharmacology

UniBE Contributor:

Benarafa, Charaf, Simon, Hans-Uwe


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health




Academic Press




Jana Berger

Date Deposited:

27 Jul 2017 14:28

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:03

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Apoptosis; Cathepsin; Necrosis; Neutrophils; Serine protease; Serpin




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