From Honour to Subjectivity. Interpersonal Violence in Basel 1750-1868 and Berne 1861–1944

Cottier, Maurice; Raciti, Silvio (2013). From Honour to Subjectivity. Interpersonal Violence in Basel 1750-1868 and Berne 1861–1944. Crime, Histoire & Sociétés / Crime, History & Societies, 17(2), pp. 101-124. Librarie Droz 10.4000/chs.1431

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The article explores shifts in interpersonal violence in the Swiss cities of Basel and Berne from 1750 to 1944. It combines quantitative and qualitative perspectives and relies on the study of juridical interrogation records of cases of lethal and non-lethal violence. The article identifies two shifts in violent behaviour in Swiss cities. On the one hand, public male on male fighting fuelled by honour, conceptualized as sociable violence, was widespread in the eighteenth and nineteenth century. Yet, it decreased in the twentieth century. The downturn in sociable violence was preceded by a loss of fighting rituals that led brawling to become more lethal in the second half of the nineteenth century. On the other hand, violence against intimates and family members persisted. However, it gained a new quality that differentiated it from more traditional forms of domestic violence. The concept of fatalistic violence captures this new type of violence that was linked to the troubled subjectivity of the perpetrators. Both changes in interpersonal violence were due to the spread of a middle class habitus that fostered the loss of the significance of honour and the increasing importance of notions of subjectivity.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Modern and Contemporary History
Graduate Schools > Graduate School of the Humanities (GSH)

UniBE Contributor:

Cottier, Maurice and Raciti, Silvio

Subjects:

900 History
900 History > 940 History of Europe

ISSN:

1663-4837

Publisher:

Librarie Droz

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maurice Cottier

Date Deposited:

15 May 2017 14:24

Last Modified:

15 Feb 2018 19:39

Publisher DOI:

10.4000/chs.1431

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.96288

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/96288

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