Understanding Cross-Country Variation in the Long-term Consequences of Graduating at a Bad Time: A Comparison of Five European Countries

Helbling, Laura Alexandra; Sacchi, Stefan; Imdorf, Christian (2016). Understanding Cross-Country Variation in the Long-term Consequences of Graduating at a Bad Time: A Comparison of Five European Countries (WP6 - Causes and long term consequences of early job insecurity: Exploring the dynamics of scarring 6.3). Negotiate HiOA

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This working paper investigates if graduating in a bad economy scars careers of youth cohorts in terms of increased future cohort unemployment and overrepresentation in fixed-term and involuntary part-time work. These dynamics of scarring are explored from a cross-country comparative perspective, focusing on the UK, Germany, Switzerland, Spain and Finland. These countries make up for interesting cases to study as they differ remarkably on institutional and economic dimensions such as for example the vocational orientation of their education systems, the strictness of employment protection legislation, active labour market policies to support job-search success of jobless young people and the general level of youth unemployment prevalent, which are assumed to be related to cross-nationally distinct patterns in scarring effects. The focus of the empirical analysis is on long-term effects of the level of aggregate youth unemployment at graduation on career evolvement of school-leaver cohorts over 12 years since their graduation, distinguishing between educational groups while further allowing for differential effects across gender. All in all we find that bad luck in timing of labour market entry can scar future careers of school-leaver cohorts over the long-run. A bad economy at labour market entry may thus be seen as a major risk factor for the future integration of youth cohorts in very different institutional contexts.

Item Type:

Working Paper

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Social Sciences > Institute of Sociology

UniBE Contributor:

Sacchi, Stefan and Imdorf, Christian

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

Series:

WP6 - Causes and long term consequences of early job insecurity: Exploring the dynamics of scarring

Publisher:

Negotiate HiOA

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] European Union’s Horizon 2020 'Research and Innovation Programme

Projects:

[UNSPECIFIED] Negotiate - Overcoming Job Insecurity in Europe

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Sacchi

Date Deposited:

19 Jul 2017 10:42

Last Modified:

20 Jul 2017 05:03

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Unemployment Scarring; Recession; Skilled Workers; Country Comparison

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.96454

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/96454

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