Virtual reality-based attention bias modification training for social anxiety: A feasibility and proof of concept study

Urech, Antoine; Krieger, Tobias; Chesham, Alvin; Mast, Fred W.; Berger, Thomas (2015). Virtual reality-based attention bias modification training for social anxiety: A feasibility and proof of concept study. Frontiers in psychiatry, 6(154), pp. 1-5. Frontiers 10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00154

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Attention bias modification (ABM) programs have been considered as a promising new approach for the treatment of various disorders, including social anxiety disorder (SAD). However, previous studies yielded ambiguous results regarding the efficacy of ABM in SAD. The present proof-of-concept study investigates the feasibility of a newly developed virtual reality (VR)-based dot-probe training paradigm. It was designed to facilitate attentional disengagement from threatening stimuli in socially anxious individuals (N = 15). The following outcomes were examined: (a) self-reports of enjoyment, motivation, flow, and presence; (b) attentional bias for social stimuli; and (c) social anxiety symptoms. Results showed that ABM training is associated with high scores in enjoyment, motivation, flow, and presence. Furthermore, significant improvements in terms of attention bias and social anxiety symptoms were observed from pre- to follow-up assessment. The study suggests that VR is a feasible and presumably a promising new medium for ABM trainings. Controlled studies will need to be carried out.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Cognitive Psychology, Perception and Methodology

UniBE Contributor:

Urech, Antoine; Krieger, Tobias; Chesham, Alvin; Mast, Fred and Berger, Thomas

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology

ISSN:

1664-0640

Publisher:

Frontiers

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fred Mast

Date Deposited:

25 Jul 2017 14:32

Last Modified:

25 Jul 2017 14:32

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fpsyt.2015.00154

PubMed ID:

26578986

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.96625

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/96625

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