Towards the empire of a "civilizing nation": The French Revolution and its impact on relations with the Ottoman Regencies in the Maghreb

Windler, Christian (2017). Towards the empire of a "civilizing nation": The French Revolution and its impact on relations with the Ottoman Regencies in the Maghreb. In: Koskenniemi, Martti; Rech, Walter; Jiménez-Fonseca, Manuel (eds.) International Law and Empire. Historical explorations. History and theory of international law (pp. 201-224). Oxford, England: Oxford University Press 10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795575.003.0010

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Both the American and the French Revolution promoted the ideal of a new international order directed towards the pursuit of prosperity and peace. This chapter focuses on the effects of this new model for foreign relations on intercultural diplomacy by examining the relations between France and the Ottoman regencies in the Maghreb. It shows how, in the eighteenth century, the regencies were regarded and acknowledged by the European powers as able to act in an autonomous fashion, by following a specific set of contractual and customary laws. A number of shifts, beginning with the American and French Revolutions, fundamentally altered this model of relations with the regencies. The effect of the characterization of Maghrebi corsairs activity as piracy is discussed in detail. The Ottoman regencies were required to submit to the norms of the ‘civilized’, but this did not turn them into fully fledged subjects of the community of the law of nations as defined by Western states. Instead, the unequal treaty became a symbol of the relations with non-Western powers.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of History > Recent History

UniBE Contributor:

Windler, Christian

Subjects:

900 History > 940 History of Europe
900 History > 960 History of Africa

ISBN:

978-0-19-879557-5

Series:

History and theory of international law

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christian Windler

Date Deposited:

08 Aug 2017 11:31

Last Modified:

08 Aug 2017 11:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/acprof:oso/9780198795575.003.0010

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97271

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