Model templates within and between disciplines: from magnets to gases – and socio-economic systems

Knuuttila, Tarja; Loettgers, Andrea (2016). Model templates within and between disciplines: from magnets to gases – and socio-economic systems. European journal for philosophy of science, 6(3), pp. 377-400. Springer 10.1007/s13194-016-0145-1

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One striking feature of the contemporary modelling practice is its interdisciplinary nature. The same equation forms, and mathematical and computational methods, are used across different disciplines, as well as within the same discipline. Are there, then, differences between intra- and interdisciplinary transfer, and can the comparison between the two provide more insight on the challenges of interdisciplinary theoretical work? We will study the development and various uses of the Ising model within physics, contrasting them to its applications to socio-economic systems. While the renormalization group (RG) methods justify the transfer of the Ising model within physics – by ascribing them to the same universality class – its application to socio-economic phenomena has no such theoretical grounding. As a result, the insights gained by modelling socio-economic phenomena by the Ising model may remain limited.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Center for Space and Habitability (CSH)

UniBE Contributor:

Loettgers, Andrea

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
100 Philosophy
500 Science
500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1879-4912

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Danielle Zemp

Date Deposited:

25 Jul 2017 10:58

Last Modified:

25 Jul 2017 10:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s13194-016-0145-1

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97293

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97293

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