Interaction of ordinary Portland cement and Opalinus Clay: Dual porosity modelling compared to experimental data

Jenni, Andreas; Gimmi, Thomas; Alt-Epping, Peter; Mäder, Urs; Cloet, V (2017). Interaction of ordinary Portland cement and Opalinus Clay: Dual porosity modelling compared to experimental data. Physics and chemistry of the earth, 99, pp. 22-37. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pce.2017.01.004

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Interactions between concrete and clays are driven by the strong chemical gradients in pore water and involve mineral reactions in both materials. In the context of a radioactive waste repository, these reactions may influence safety-relevant clay properties such as swelling pressure, permeability or radionuclide retention. Interfaces between ordinary Portland cement and Opalinus Clay show weaker, but more extensive chemical disturbance compared to a contact between low-pH cement and Opalinus Clay. As a consequence of chemical reactions porosity changes occur at cement-clay interfaces. These changes are stronger and may lead to complete pore clogging in the case of low-pH cements. The prediction of pore clogging by reactive transport simulations is very sensitive to the magnitude of diffusive solute fluxes, cement clinker chemistry, and phase reaction kinetics. For instance, the consideration of anion-depleted porosity in clays substantially influences overall diffusion and pore clogging at interfaces. A new concept of dual porosity modelling approximating Donnan equilibrium is developed and applied to an ordinary Portland cement – Opalinus Clay interface. The model predictions are compared with data from the cement-clay interaction (CI) field experiment in the Mt Terri underground rock laboratory (Switzerland), which represent 5 y of interaction. The main observations such as the decalcification of the cement at the interface, the Mg enrichment in the clay detached from the interface, and the S enrichment in the cement detached from the interface, are qualitatively predicted by the new model approach. The model results reveal multiple coupled processes that create the observed features. The quantitative agreement of modelled and measured data can be improved if uncertainties of key input parameters (tortuosities, reaction kinetics, especially of clay minerals) can be reduced.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Jenni, Andreas; Gimmi, Thomas; Alt-Epping, Peter and Mäder, Urs

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

1474-7065

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas Gimmi

Date Deposited:

03 Aug 2017 09:29

Last Modified:

19 Sep 2018 08:00

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pce.2017.01.004

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97395

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97395

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