Differential Redox Regulation of Ca²⁺ Signaling and Viability in Normal and Malignant Prostate Cells.

Holzmann, Christian; Kilch, Tatiana; Kappel, Sven; Dörr, Kathrin; Jung, Volker; Stöckle, Michael; Bogeski, Ivan; Peinelt, Christine (2015). Differential Redox Regulation of Ca²⁺ Signaling and Viability in Normal and Malignant Prostate Cells. Biophysical journal, 109(7), pp. 1410-1419. Biophysical Society 10.1016/j.bpj.2015.08.006

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In prostate cancer, reactive oxygen species (ROS) are elevated and Ca(2+) signaling is impaired. Thus, several novel therapeutic strategies have been developed to target altered ROS and Ca(2+) signaling pathways in prostate cancer. Here, we investigate alterations of intracellular Ca(2+) and inhibition of cell viability caused by ROS in primary human prostate epithelial cells (hPECs) from healthy tissue and prostate cancer cell lines (LNCaP, DU145, and PC3). In hPECs, LNCaP and DU145 H2O2 induces an initial Ca(2+) increase, which in prostate cancer cells is blocked at high concentrations of H2O2. Upon depletion of intracellular Ca(2+) stores, store-operated Ca(2+) entry (SOCE) is activated. SOCE channels can be formed by hexameric Orai1 channels; however, Orai1 can form heteromultimers with its homolog, Orai3. Since the redox sensor of Orai1 (Cys-195) is absent in Orai3, the Orai1/Orai3 ratio in T cells determines the redox sensitivity of SOCE and cell viability. In prostate cancer cells, SOCE is blocked at lower concentrations of H2O2 compared with hPECs. An analysis of data from hPECs, LNCaP, DU145, and PC3, as well as previously published data from naive and effector TH cells, demonstrates a strong correlation between the Orai1/Orai3 ratio and the SOCE redox sensitivity and cell viability. Therefore, our data support the concept that store-operated Ca(2+) channels in hPECs and prostate cancer cells are heteromeric Orai1/Orai3 channels with an increased Orai1/Orai3 ratio in cells derived from prostate cancer tumors. In addition, ROS-induced alterations in Ca(2+) signaling in prostate cancer cells may contribute to the higher sensitivity of these cells to ROS.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Biochemistry and Molecular Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Kappel, Sven and Peinelt, Christine

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0006-3495

Publisher:

Biophysical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Peinelt

Date Deposited:

18 Jun 2018 15:12

Last Modified:

18 Jun 2018 15:12

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.bpj.2015.08.006

PubMed ID:

26445441

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97449

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97449

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