Th-Pb ion probe dating of zoned hydrothermal monazite and its implications for repeated shear zone activity: An example from the Central Alps, Switzerland

Bergemann, Christian; Gnos, Edwin; Berger, Alfons; Whitehouse, Martin; Wehrens, Philip Chaim; Pettke, Thomas; Janots, Emilie (2017). Th-Pb ion probe dating of zoned hydrothermal monazite and its implications for repeated shear zone activity: An example from the Central Alps, Switzerland. Tectonics, 36(4), pp. 671-689. American Geophysical Union, European Geophysical Society 10.1002/2016TC004407

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Th-Pb age dating of zoned hydrothermal monazite from alpine-type fissures/clefts is a powerful tool for constraining polyphase deformation at temperatures below 350°C and presents an alternative to K/Ar and 40Ar/39Ar dating techniques for dating brittle tectonics. This study considers the relationship between cleft orientations in ductile shear zones and cleft mineral crystallization during subsequent brittle overprinting. In the Grimsel area, located in the Aar Massif of the Central Alps, horizontal clefts formed during a primary thrust dominated deformation, while younger and vertically oriented clefts developed during secondary strike-slip movements. The change is due to a switch in orientation between the principal stress axes σ2 and σ3. The transition is associated with monazite crystallization and chloritization of biotite at around 11.5 Ma. Quartz fluid inclusion data allow a link between deformation stages and temperatures to be established and indicate that primary monazite crystallization occurred in both cleft systems at 300–350°C. While cleft monazite crystallization ceases at ~11 Ma in inactive shear zones, monazite growth, and/or dissolution-reprecipitation continues under brittle deformation conditions in vertical clefts during later deformation until ~7 Ma. This younger shear zone activity occurs in association with dextral strike-slip movement of the Rhone-Simplon fault system. With the exception of varying Th/U values correlated with the degree of oxidation, there is only limited compositional variation in the studied cleft monazites.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Berger, Alfons; Wehrens, Philip Chaim; Pettke, Thomas and Janots, Emilie

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0278-7407

Publisher:

American Geophysical Union, European Geophysical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thomas Pettke

Date Deposited:

03 Aug 2017 11:12

Last Modified:

01 Nov 2017 02:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/2016TC004407

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97586

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97586

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