Persistent organic pollutants in tissues of the white-blooded Antarctic fish Champsocephalus gunnari and Chaenocephalus aceratus.

Strobel, Anneli; Schmid, Peter; Segner, Helmut; Burkhardt-Holm, Patricia; Zennegg, Markus (2016). Persistent organic pollutants in tissues of the white-blooded Antarctic fish Champsocephalus gunnari and Chaenocephalus aceratus. Chemosphere, 161, pp. 555-562. Elsevier Science 10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.089

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The global occurrence of persistent organic pollutants (POPs) continuously contributes to their accumulation also in remote areas such as the Antarctic Ocean. Antarctic fish, which hold high trophic positions but appear to possess low endogenous elimination rates for chemicals, are expected to bioaccumulate POPs with rising anthropogenic pollution. Using a chemical-analytical method, we measured concentrations of PCBs, PBDEs, HCBs, HCH and DDTs and determined toxic equivalents (TEQs) and bioanalytical equivalents (BEQs) in muscle and ovaries of Antarctic icefish caught in the Southern Ocean around Elephant Island. We used two species with different feeding habits and trophic web positions: the planktivorous Champsocephalus gunnari and the piscivorous Chaenocephalus aceratus. Our results revealed higher contaminant levels in ovary than in muscle tissues of both species. Most analytes concentrations and the TEQs (0.2-0.5) and BEQs (0.2) were lower as in temperate species. Comparison with literature data points to higher PCB (20-22 ng g(-1) lipid weight (lw)) and DDT (7-19.5 ng g(-1) lw) concentrations than those measured in icefish in the 90's. For the other contaminants, we could not identify temporal trends. We found a higher bioaccumulation of contaminants, particularly HCB and DDTs, in C. aceratus (6.2 & 19.5 ng g(-1) lw, respectively) than in C. gunnari (3.8 & 7.0 ng g(-1) lw, respectively). However, there was no general species-specific accumulation pattern of the different toxicant classes between the two icefish. Thus, the expected link between contaminant burdens of C. aceratus and C. gunnari and their ecological traits was only weakly supported for these species.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Strobel, Anneli and Segner, Helmut

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0045-6535

Publisher:

Elsevier Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Lucia Gugger-Raaflaub

Date Deposited:

24 Jul 2017 08:45

Last Modified:

24 Jul 2017 08:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.chemosphere.2016.01.089

PubMed ID:

27198544

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Bioaccumulation; DR CALUX bioanalytical equivalents (BEQs); Icefish; Persistent organic pollutants; Polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs); Toxic equivalents (TEQs)

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97756

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97756

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