Centromere inactivation on a neo-Y fusion chromosome in threespine stickleback fish

Cech, Jennifer N; Peichel, Catherine (2016). Centromere inactivation on a neo-Y fusion chromosome in threespine stickleback fish. Chromsome research, 24(4), pp. 437-450. Springer 10.1007/s10577-016-9535-7

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Having one and only one centromere per chromosome is essential for proper chromosome segregation during both mitosis and meiosis. Chromosomes containing two centromeres are known as dicentric and often mis-segregate during cell division, resulting in aneuploidy or chromosome breakage. Dicentric chromosome can be stabilized by centromere inactivation, a process which reestablishes monocentric chromosomes. However, little is known about this process in naturally occurring dicentric chromosomes. Using a combination of fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and immunofluorescence combined with FISH (IF-FISH) on metaphase chromosome spreads, we demonstrate that centromere inactivation has evolved on a neo-Y chromosome fusion in the Japan Sea threespine stickleback fish (Gasterosteus nipponicus). We found that the centromere derived from the ancestral Y chromosome has been inactivated. Our data further suggest that there have been genetic changes to this centromere in the two million years since the formation of the neo-Y chromosome, but it remains unclear whether these genetic changes are a cause or consequence of centromere inactivation.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Evolutionary Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Peichel, Catherine

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0967-3849

Publisher:

Springer

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] National Institutes of Health R01 GM116853

Language:

English

Submitter:

Catherine Peichel

Date Deposited:

24 Mar 2017 14:54

Last Modified:

19 Sep 2017 18:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10577-016-9535-7

PubMed ID:

27553478

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.97901

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/97901

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