Cumulative Lifetime Marijuana Use and Incident Cardiovascular Disease in Middle Age: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study.

Reis, Jared P; Auer, Reto; Bancks, Michael P; Goff, David C; Lewis, Cora E; Pletcher, Mark J; Rana, Jamal S; Shikany, James M; Sidney, Stephen (2017). Cumulative Lifetime Marijuana Use and Incident Cardiovascular Disease in Middle Age: The Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) Study. American Journal of Public Health, 107(4), pp. 601-606. American Public Health Association 10.2105/AJPH.2017.303654

[img] Text
Reis AmJPublHealth 2017.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (565kB) | Request a copy

OBJECTIVES To investigate the effects of marijuana in the development of incident cardiovascular and cerebrovascular outcomes. METHODS Participants were 5113 adults aged 18 to 30 years at baseline (1985-1986) from the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults study, who were followed for more than 25 years. We estimated cumulative lifetime exposure to marijuana using repeated assessments collected at examinations every 2 to 5 years. The primary outcome was incident cardiovascular disease (CVD) through 2013. RESULTS A total of 84% (n = 4286) reported a history of marijuana use. During a median 26.9 years (131 990 person-years), we identified 215 CVD events, including 62 strokes or transient ischemic attacks, 104 cases of coronary heart disease, and 50 CVD deaths. Compared with no marijuana use, cumulative lifetime and recent marijuana use showed no association with incident CVD, stroke or transient ischemic attacks, coronary heart disease, or CVD mortality. Marijuana use was not associated with CVD when stratified by age, gender, race, or family history of CVD. CONCLUSIONS Neither cumulative lifetime nor recent use of marijuana is associated with the incidence of CVD in middle age.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)

UniBE Contributor:

Auer, Reto

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

0090-0036

Publisher:

American Public Health Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

23 Mar 2017 12:32

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2017 16:48

Publisher DOI:

10.2105/AJPH.2017.303654

PubMed ID:

28207342

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.98033

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/98033

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback