Cosmic-ray exposure ages of chondrules

Roth, Antoine S. G.; Metzler, Knut; Baumgartner, Lukas P.; Leya, Ingo (2016). Cosmic-ray exposure ages of chondrules. Meteoritics & planetary science, 51(7), pp. 1256-1267. Meteoritical Society at the University of Arkansas, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry 10.1111/maps.12658

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If chondrules were exposed to cosmic rays prior to meteorite compaction, they should retain an excess of cosmogenic noble gases. Beyersdorf-Kuis etal. (2015) showed that such excesses can be detected provided that the chemical composition of each individual chondrule is precisely known. However, their study was limited to a few samples as they had to be irradiated in a nuclear reactor for instrumental neutron activation analysis. We developed a novel analytical protocol that combines the measurements of He and Ne isotopic concentrations with a fast method to correct for differences in chemical composition using micro X-ray computed tomography. Our main idea is to combine noble gas, nuclear track, and petrography data for numerous chondrules to understand the precompaction exposure history of the chondrite parent bodies. Here, we report our results for a total of 77 chondrules and four matrix samples from NWA 8276 (L3.00), NWA 8007 (L3.2), and Bjurbole (L/LL4). All chondrules from the same meteorite have within uncertainty identical Ne-21 exposure ages, and all chondrules from Bjurbole have within uncertainty identical He-3 exposure ages. However, most chondrules from NWA 8276 and a few from NWA 8007 show small but resolvable differences in He-3 exposure age that we attribute to matrix contamination and/or gas loss. The finding that none of the chondrules has noble gas excesses is consistent with the uniform track density found for each meteorite. We conclude that the studied chondrules did not experience a precompaction exposure longer than a few Ma assuming present-day flux of galactic cosmic rays. A majority of chondrules from L and LL chondrites thus rapidly accreted and/or was efficiently shielded from cosmic rays in the solar nebula.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Space Research and Planetary Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Leya, Ingo

Subjects:

500 Science > 520 Astronomy
500 Science > 530 Physics
600 Technology > 620 Engineering

ISSN:

1086-9379

Publisher:

Meteoritical Society at the University of Arkansas, Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry

Language:

English

Submitter:

Katharina Weyeneth-Moser

Date Deposited:

18 Jul 2017 08:31

Last Modified:

18 Jul 2017 08:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/maps.12658

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.98080

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/98080

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