Combining amphibious geomorphology with subsurface geophysical and geological data: A neotectonic study at the front of the Alps (Bernese Alps, Switzerland)

Fabbri, Stefano Claudio; Herwegh, Marco; Horstmeyer, H.; Hilbe, Michael; Hübscher, C.; Merz, K.; Schlunegger, Fritz; Schmelzbach, C.; Weiss, B.; Anselmetti, Flavio (2017). Combining amphibious geomorphology with subsurface geophysical and geological data: A neotectonic study at the front of the Alps (Bernese Alps, Switzerland). Quaternary International, 451, pp. 101-113. Elsevier 10.1016/j.quaint.2017.01.033

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In the vicinity of Lake Thun at the front of the Bernese Alps (Switzerland), we performed a multidisci- plinary neotectonic study combining onshore and offshore geological data and geophysical measure- ments in order to identify potentially active fault structures. Paleoseismic reconstructions on the northern margin of the Alps have documented several strong earthquakes with moment magnitudes !6 during the Late Quaternary, which have long recurrence intervals of 1,000 to 2,000 years. Such earth- quakes are expected to produce surface ruptures. In this light, we investigated the study area located near Lake Thun primarily for on-fault evidence, to date still a shortcoming in Switzerland. We detected several features indicating potential fault activity, such as aligned subaquatic morphological depressions, offset horizons observed in reflection seismic profiles of lake sediments and in ground-penetrating radar images, all delineating a fault trace. Observations of fluvial deposits in a nearby gravel pit in the pro- longation of the inferred structure supports these findings. A narrow zone with rotated long axes of pebbles (inclining at ~60�) is clearly distinguishable and crosscuts the original bedding with predomi- nantly horizontal orientation of pebble axes. This zone further shows an apparent 1.1 m offset of oxidized horizons and is therefore considered as a potential fault plane in a normal faulting regime. A dated radiocarbon age of ~11,000 years BP of the gravel deposits hence suggests a younger fault activity during the Holocene. The Einigen Fault Zone (EFZ), proposed on the basis of these observations, is considered as a complex fault system with a combination of dextral strike-slip and normal faulting, as suggested by GPR images. Observations in the gravel pit and radar data independently show that it includes at least two fault strands. However, while five earthquakes with epicentral intensities I0 ! VI and numerous smaller seismic events are known within less than 30 km epicentral distance to Lake Thun over the past 400 years, none of these seem to coincide with the location of the EFZ.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Fabbri, Stefano Claudio; Herwegh, Marco; Hilbe, Michael; Schlunegger, Fritz and Anselmetti, Flavio

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

1040-6182

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Flavio Anselmetti

Date Deposited:

03 Aug 2017 11:06

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2018 14:45

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.quaint.2017.01.033

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.98103

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/98103

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