Setting a limit on anthropogenic sources of atmospheric ⁸¹Kr through Atom Trap Trace Analysis

Zappala, J.C.; Bailey, K.; Jiang, W.; Micklich, B.; Mueller, P.; O’Connor, T.P.; Purtschert, Roland (2017). Setting a limit on anthropogenic sources of atmospheric ⁸¹Kr through Atom Trap Trace Analysis. Chemical geology, 453, pp. 66-71. Elsevier 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.02.007

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We place a 2.5% limit on the anthropogenic contribution to the modern abundance of ⁸¹Kr/Kr in the atmosphere at the 90% confidence level. Due to its simple production and transport in the terrestrial environment, ⁸¹Kr (halflife = 230,000 yr) is an ideal tracer for old water and ice with mean residence times in the range of 10^5-10^6 years. In recent years, ⁸¹Kr-dating has been made available to the earth science community thanks to the development of Atom Trap Trace Analysis (ATTA), a laser-based atom counting technique. Further upgrades and improvements to the ATTA technique now allow us to demonstrate ⁸¹Kr/Kr measurements with relative uncertainties of 1% and place this new limit on anthropogenic ⁸¹Kr. As a result of this limit, we have removed a potential systematic constraint for ⁸¹Kr-dating.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics

UniBE Contributor:

Purtschert, Roland

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

0009-2541

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Rätz

Date Deposited:

01 Jun 2017 09:56

Last Modified:

01 Jun 2017 09:56

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.02.007

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.98163

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/98163

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