The developmental challenge to the paradox of pain

Reuter, Kevin (2017). The developmental challenge to the paradox of pain. Erkenntnis - an international journal of analytic philosophy, 82(2), pp. 265-283. Springer 10.1007/s10670-016-9816-8

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People seem to perceive and locate pains in bodily locations, but also seem to conceive of pains as mental states that can be introspected. However, pains cannot be both bodily and mental, at least according to most conceptions of these two categories: mental states are not the kind of entities that inhabit body parts. How are we to resolve this paradox of pain (Aydede, 2006a; Hill, 2006)? In this paper, I put forward what I call the ‘Developmental Challenge’, tackling the second pillar of this paradox, i.e. the introspectionist (or mental-state) view of pain according to which (A) genuine pain reports are introspective reports. This view forms an inconsistent triad with two other widely held positions: (B) young children make genuine pain reports, and (C) young children do not make introspective reports. After introducing the paradox and the introspectionist view of pain in part 1, I present the developmental challenge (section 2), and defend both (B) and (C) in section 3. In section 4, I conclude that the inconsistent triad can only be resolved by reconsidering the introspectionist view of pain. In discussing three potential factors that lead to the puzzling intricacies of our concept of pain, I argue that the concept of pain might not be paradoxical after all.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Art and Cultural Studies > Institute of Philosophy
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Art and Cultural Studies > Institute of Philosophy > Theoretical Philosophy

UniBE Contributor:

Reuter, Kevin

Subjects:

100 Philosophy

ISSN:

0165-0106

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Kevin Reuter

Date Deposited:

14 Jun 2017 15:52

Last Modified:

14 Jun 2017 18:42

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10670-016-9816-8

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.98807

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/98807

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