Strengthening HIV therapy and care in rural Tanzania affects rates of viral suppression.

Ntamatungiro, Alex J; Muri, Lukas; Glass, Tracy R; Erb, Stefan; Battegay, Manuel; Furrer, Hansjakob; Hatz, Christoph; Tanner, Marcel; Felger, Ingrid; Klimkait, Thomas; Letang, Emilio (2017). Strengthening HIV therapy and care in rural Tanzania affects rates of viral suppression. Journal of antimicrobial chemotherapy, 72(7), pp. 2069-2074. Oxford University Press 10.1093/jac/dkx095

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Objectives To assess viral suppression rates, to assess prevalence of acquired HIV drug resistance and to characterize the spectrum of HIV-1 drug resistance mutations (HIV-DRM) in HIV-1-infected patients in a rural Tanzanian HIV cohort. Methods This was a cross-sectional study nested within the Kilombero and Ulanga Antiretroviral Cohort. Virological failure was defined as HIV-1 RNA ≥50 copies/mL. Risk factors associated with virological failure and with the development of HIV-DRM were assessed using logistic regression. Results This study included 304 participants with a median time on ART of 3.5 years (IQR = 1.7-5.3 years); 91% were on an NNRTI-based regimen and 9% were on a boosted PI-based regimen. Viral suppression was observed in 277/304 patients (91%). Of the remaining 27 patients, 21 were successfully genotyped and 17/21 (81%) harboured ≥1 clinically relevant HIV-DRM. Of these, 13/17 (76.5%) had HIV-1 plasma viral loads of >1000 copies/mL. CD4 cell count <200 cells/mm 3 at the time of recruitment was independently associated with a close to 8-fold increased odds of virological failure [adjusted OR (aOR) = 7.71, 95% CI = 2.86-20.78, P  <   0.001] and with a >8-fold increased odds of developing HIV-DRM (aOR = 8.46, 95% CI = 2.48-28.93, P  =   0.001). Conclusions High levels of viral suppression can be achieved in rural sub-Saharan Africa when treatment and care programmes are well managed. In the absence of routine HIV sequencing, the WHO-recommended threshold of 1000 viral RNA copies/mL largely discriminates virological failure secondary to HIV-DRM.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Infectiology

UniBE Contributor:

Furrer, Hansjakob

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0305-7453

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Annelies Luginbühl

Date Deposited:

14 Aug 2017 13:26

Last Modified:

09 Sep 2017 07:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/jac/dkx095

PubMed ID:

28387865

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.99260

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/99260

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