Ancient genomic changes associated with domestication of the horse.

Librado, Pablo; Gamba, Cristina; Gaunitz, Charleen; Der Sarkissian, Clio; Pruvost, Mélanie; Albrechtsen, Anders; Fages, Antoine; Khan, Naveed; Schubert, Mikkel; Jagannathan, Vidhya; Serres-Armero, Aitor; Kuderna, Lukas F K; Povolotskaya, Inna S; Seguin-Orlando, Andaine; Lepetz, Sébastien; Neuditschko, Markus; Thèves, Catherine; Alquraishi, Saleh; Alfarhan, Ahmed H; Al-Rasheid, Khaled; ... (2017). Ancient genomic changes associated with domestication of the horse. Science, 356(6336), pp. 442-445. American Association for the Advancement of Science 10.1126/science.aam5298

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The genomic changes underlying both early and late stages of horse domestication remain largely unknown. We examined the genomes of 14 early domestic horses from the Bronze and Iron Ages, dating to between ~4.1 and 2.3 thousand years before present. We find early domestication selection patterns supporting the neural crest hypothesis, which provides a unified developmental origin for common domestic traits. Within the past 2.3 thousand years, horses lost genetic diversity and archaic DNA tracts introgressed from a now-extinct lineage. They accumulated deleterious mutations later than expected under the cost-of-domestication hypothesis, probably because of breeding from limited numbers of stallions. We also reveal that Iron Age Scythian steppe nomads implemented breeding strategies involving no detectable inbreeding and selection for coat-color variation and robust forelimbs.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Institute of Genetics
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Jagannathan, Vidya and Leeb, Tosso

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 590 Animals (Zoology)
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0036-8075

Publisher:

American Association for the Advancement of Science

Language:

English

Submitter:

Tosso Leeb

Date Deposited:

05 Sep 2017 13:46

Last Modified:

05 Sep 2017 13:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1126/science.aam5298

PubMed ID:

28450643

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.99587

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/99587

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