Patient Characteristics and Functional Outcomes in a 5-Year Retrospective Stroke Cohort

Richard, Lynne; Maitra, Kinsuk; Da Costa, Bruno; Maillet, Denise; Ramsey, Cristina (2017). Patient Characteristics and Functional Outcomes in a 5-Year Retrospective Stroke Cohort. Topics in Geriatric Rehabilitation, 33(2), pp. 98-103. Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins 10.1097/TGR.0000000000000103

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Abstract Objective: This retrospective study examined the relationship between patient characteristics and intervention outcomes in stroke rehabilitation in a large, diverse inpatient database. Method: A query of the electronic medical record for 2008-2012 identified 939 patients treated for stroke. An analysis was conducted for dichotomized total, motor, and cognitive Functional Independence Measure scores using univariable and multivariable analyses and patients' characteristics. Results: There was a significant population of non-white patients in the cohort (53%). Race was not found to be a factor that influenced outcomes. Patients who responded to treatment were more likely to be younger than 80, with a length of stay greater than 11 days, and currently employed. Length of stay had the strongest association with a positive treatment response (P ≤ 0.001). Patients who were older than 80 years and not working/retired at the time of stroke had less response to treatment. Conclusion: The results of the present study show that patients with a minimum of 3 key characteristics, in a diverse stroke population, are most likely to benefit maximally from intensive inpatient stroke rehabilitation irrespective of their race, sex, or number of comorbidities.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


04 Faculty of Medicine > Medical Education > Institute of General Practice and Primary Care (BIHAM)

UniBE Contributor:

Da Costa, Bruno


600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services




Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins




Doris Kopp Heim

Date Deposited:

02 May 2017 13:40

Last Modified:

01 Jul 2018 02:31

Publisher DOI:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Functional Independence Measure, inpatient stroke rehabilitation, patient characteristics, stroke outcomes




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