Isotopic variation of dissolved and colloidal iron and copper in a carbonatic floodplain soil after experimental flooding

Kusonwiriyawong, Charirat; Bigalke, Moritz; Abgottspon, Florian; Lazarov, Marina; Schuth, Stephan; Weyer, Stefan; Wilcke, Wolfgang (2017). Isotopic variation of dissolved and colloidal iron and copper in a carbonatic floodplain soil after experimental flooding. Chemical geology, 459, pp. 13-23. Elsevier 10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.03.033

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Many floodplain soils worldwide are contaminated by present and past industrial and mining activities. During flooding redox potential decreases, triggering the release of dissolved and colloidal metals. We used an anaerobic microcosm incubation to simulate flooding of a carbonate-rich floodplain soil for 40 days. Soil solution samples were extracted to determine the release of dissolved (< 0.02 μm) and colloidal fractions (0.02–10 μm). We analyzed stable isotope ratios of colloidal and dissolved Fe and Cu representing two groups of metals with different release behavior; release of Fe was steadily increasing, while that of Cu peaked sharply after flooding and decreased afterwards. The temporal trend of δ56Fe values of total Fe in solution indicated dissimilatory iron reduction. The apparent isotopic fractionation between dissolved and colloidal Fe (Δ56Fedissolved-colloidal = δ56Fedissolved − δ56Fecolloidal) varied from 0.31 ± 0.04‰ to − 1.86 ± 0.26‰. Low δ56Fecolloidal (− 1.16 ± 0.04‰) values on day 4 of the experiment suggested colloid formation by precipitation of dissolved Fe, while the strong temporal variation in Δ56Fedissolved-colloidal indicated subsequent changes in colloid mineralogy, sorption to soil components and/or electron transfer-atom exchange. The variations in δ65Cu values (Δ65Cudissolved-colloidal from 0.81 ± 0.03‰ to 1.58 ± 0.09‰) are probably linked to the changing oxidation state of colloidal Cu. While at the beginning of the experiment colloidal Cu and solid soil Cu exchange, these systems decouple after the onset of sulfate reduction in the second half of the experiment. The experimental results fit well to findings from redoximorphic soils described in the literature and highlight the importance of colloids for metal release and the isotopic pattern in carbonatic soils.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Soil Science
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Bigalke, Moritz

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0009-2541

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Monika Wälti-Stampfli

Date Deposited:

18 May 2017 12:09

Last Modified:

01 Apr 2019 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.chemgeo.2017.03.033

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.99642

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/99642

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