Global Horizons in Premodern Art

The horizon is the line that seems to separate earth from sky, the line that divides all visible categories into two categories: those that intersect the earth’s surface and those that do not. The horizon is key to the experience of space; it defines our perspective on the visible world. The Global Horizons project will investigate the historical meanings and functions of the horizon in visual and intellectual cultures of the pre-modern world on a global scale. Examining how pre-modern cultures conceived of the horizon opens a crucial line of inquiry into understanding the many different ways in which humans have conceived of the relationship between an invisible cosmos and the visible world. Non-western art history is rarely taught at European institutions although countless important works of non-Western art are kept in museum collections all across Europe. Including non-western concepts of pictorial space is key to the project, however, for eurocentric models of art history have generally privileged the rise of the linear perspective. This framing has limited our understanding of the horizon’s complex rhetorical, visual and epistemological roles. The project’s specific question connects a variety of objects and epistemological categories, such as panel painting, manuscript illumination, profane und religious objects, cartography, travel accounts, and cosmological treaties. Accordingly, the methodological approaches will range from art history and visual studies to cultural anthropology. Team members will also draw upon interdisciplinary expertise, such as technologies of art production, history of science and philosophy. The project thus makes an important contribution to global art history, a highly innovative area in which only very few pre-modern topics have been addressed. It is the ultimate goal of Global Horizons to suggest a new history of representation in western medieval art.

Grant Value2400000
Commencement Date / Completion Date1 August 2018 - 31 July 2023
Contributors Prof. Beate Fricke (Principle Investigator)
Dr. des. theresa Holler (Co-Investigator)
Dr. Stefanie Lenk (Co-Investigator)
Dr. des. Corinne Mühlemann (Co-Investigator)
M.A. Saskia Quene (Co-Investigator)
phil. cand jess Bailey (Co-Investigator)
M.A. Meekyung MacMurdie (Co-Investigator)
M.A. Zumrad Ilyasova (Co-Investigator)
Prof. Kristopher Kersey (Co-Investigator)
Funders [18] European Research Council
KeywordsHorizon, Representation, Space, Ecology, Historiography, Global Art History, World Art History
Publications Fricke, Beate (24 October 2019). Object Histories. Early Modern Flotsam (Unpublished). In: Transforming the Past: the concept of object biographies. Universität Bern. 24 Oktober 2019.
Fricke, Beate (7 June 2019). Syrian Censers Opening Horizons (Unpublished). In: Censer - A comparative Approach. Universität Bern. 7-8. Juni 2019.
Fricke, Beate; Holler, Theresa (2019). Rosenrot. Die Bildwelt von Flora, Fauna und Fons vitae im Godesscalc-Evangelistar als Heilsraum. In: Embach, Michael; Moulin, Claudine; Wolter-von dem Knesebeck, Harald (eds.) Die Handschriften der Hofschule Kaiser Karls des Großen – individuelle Gestalt und europäisches Kulturerbe (pp. 97-128). Trier: Verlag für Geschichte und Kultur
Fricke, Beate (2019). At the Threshold of Painting. The Man of Sorrows by Albrecht Dürer. In: Bokody, Peter; Nagel, Alexander (eds.) Renaissance Meta-Painting. Studies in Medieval and Early Renaissance Art History (pp. 209-238). Turnhout: Brepols
Fricke, Beate (2019). Artifex and Opifex – The Medieval Artist. In: Rudolph, Conrad (ed.) A Companion to Medieval Art: Romanesque and Gothic in Northern Europe. Blackwell companions to art history (pp. 45-70). Hoboken: Wiley-Blackwell
Fricke, Beate (2020). Hinges as Hints: Heaven and Earth in the Coconut Goblet at the Cathedral of Münster, Part of a Lost Rock Crystal Ensemble. In: Hahn, Cynthia; Shalem, Avinoam (eds.) Seeking Transparency. Rock Crystals Across the Medieval Mediterranean. Berlin: Gebr. Mann
Fricke, Beate (2016). Früchte des Sehens. In: Elm, Susanna; Vinken, Barbara (eds.) Braut Christi. Familienformen in Europa im Spiegel der 'sponsa' (pp. 75-100). Paderborn: Fink-Verlag
Fricke, Beate (19 March 2020). Flotsam (Unpublished). In: Material Culture in Transit. Bern. 19.-20. März 2020.
Fricke, Beate (19 March 2020). Creation and Creativity in the Holkham Bible (Unpublished). In: The Courtauld Institute, London. Bern. 19. März 2020.
Fricke, Beate (27 March 2020). “Creation, Color, and Creativity in the Holkham Bible” (Unpublished). In: Department History of Art, Architecture + Landscapes, University of Groningen. Groningen. 27. März 2020.
Fricke, Beate (22 April 2020). Miracles of Mediation (Unpublished). In: Silsila: Center for Material Histories. NYU New York. 22. April 2020.
Fricke, Beate; Mühlemann, Corinne (27 January 2020). "Niello and Lampas – Two Examples of how Craft Knowledge was transferred between Baghdad, al-Andalus and Northern Europe during 12th Century" (Unpublished). In: Dialogues in the Late Medieval Mediterranean: Methodological Encounters and (Dis)Encounters. Madrid. 27. Januar 2020.
Lenk, Stefanie (2020). Ferdinand Piper’s Monumentale Theologie (1867) and Schleiermacher’s Legacy: The Attempted Foundation of a Protestant Theology of Art. In: Elsner, Jaś (ed.) Empires of Faith in Late Antiquity. Histories of Art and Religion from India to Ireland (pp. 161-186). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press 10.1017/9781108564465.008
Fricke, Beate (8 May 2018). Miracles of Mediation (Unpublished). In: Abendvortrag Institut für Kunstgeschichte Florenz (MPI). Florenz. 8.5.2018.
Kersey, Kristopher William (2018). Dynamism, liquidity, and crystallization in the discourse of Japanese art history. In: Pfisterer, Ulrich; Tauber, Christine (eds.) Einfluss, Strömung, Quelle: Aquatische Metaphern der Kunstgeschichte. Veröffentlichungen des Zentralinstituts für Kunstgeschichte in München: Vol. 47 (pp. 287-310). Bielefeld: Zentralinstitut für Kunstgeschichte und Transcript Verlag
Kersey, Kristopher W. (2018). In Defiance of Collage: Assembling Modernity ca. 1112 CE. Archives of Asian art, 68(1), pp. 1-32. Duke University Press 10.1215/00666637-4342384
Kersey, Kristopher (8 December 2019). The Early Modern Fold: Pleated Media in Japan’s Encounter with Europe (Unpublished). In: The Many Shapes of Meaning: Object and Performance in Asia. Japan. 07.-08.12.2019.
Kersey, Kristopher William (June 2019). The Japanese Folding Fan in the Hands of Modernity (Unpublished). In: San Diego Museum of Art.
Kersey, Kristopher William (May 2019). The Early Modern Fold: Pleated Fans in Japan’s Encounter with Europe (Unpublished). In: Making Worlds: Art, Materiality, and Early Modern Globalization III.
Kersey, Kristopher William (May 2019). Imaging the Mind in Medieval Japanese Buddhism: Ajikan and its Artifacts (Unpublished). In: 28th Annual Patricia McCarron McGinn Lecture. University of California, Los Angeles.
Kersey, Kristopher William (February 2019). Facing Death in Global Modernity, 1600–1900 (Unpublished). In: 107th Annual Meeting of the College Art Association. New York.
Kersey, Kristopher William (January 2019). Reconsidering the Eyeless Sūtra (Menashikyō): Temporality, Dissonance, Method, and Ritual (Unpublished). In: The International Master’s Program and International Doctorate in Japanese Humanities Distinguished Lecture Series. Kyūshū University, Fukuoka, Japan.
Kersey, Kristopher William (May 2018). Faces in Japanese Art (Unpublished). In: Public lecture by invitation of the Embassy of Japan. Japan Information & Culture Center, Washington, DC.
Kersey, Kristopher William (February 2018). The Anthology of the Thirty-Six Poets and the Problem of Collage in Modern Japan (Unpublished). In: East Asia Center Speaker Series. University of Virginia, Charlottesville.
Quené, Saskia Christin (2020). Between figure and ground. An introduction (Unpublished). In: Zwischen Figur und Grund. Sehen in der Vormoderne.
Mühlemann, Corinne (12 December 2019). Von al-Andalus nach St. Gallen – Die elf Siegelhüllen eines Ablassbriefes von 1333 (Unpublished). In: Vortragsreihe zur Jahresausstellung Otmar und Beata. Der erste Abt und die Welt des Stiftsarchivs St. Gallen,. St. Gallen.
Lenk, Stefanie (24 October 2019). A relief of the 5th century B.C. and its Christian re-use. A Crusader spolia in Bari? (Unpublished). In: Workshop Transforming the Past: The concept of object biographies. Universität Bern.
Quené, Saskia Christin (17 October 2019). Exhibiting lux et lumen. Towards new strategies for displaying medieval gold leaf (Unpublished). In: Workshop at the Université Paris 1. Panthéon-Sorbonne, Paris.
Mühlemann, Corinne (19 September 2019). Von al-Andalus nach St. Gallen – Die elf Siegelhüllen eines Ablassbriefes von 1333 im Stiftsarchiv St. Gallen (Unpublished). In: 4. Forum Kunst des Mittelalters: 360° – Verortung, Entgrenzung, Globalisierung. Universität Bern.
Quené, Saskia Christin (19 September 2019). Aura and Aurum. On form and material in the writings of Pavel Florensky and Walter Benjamin (Unpublished). In: 4. Forum Kunst des Mittelalters: 360° – Verortung, Entgrenzung, Globalisierung. Universität Bern.
Lenk, Stefanie (30 August 2019). Widening Protestant Horizons: From Christian to global art collections in German theological faculties of the 19th and 20th centuries (Unpublished). In: Colloquium Rauricum: Horizons: A Line and its Movement in Art, History, and Literature. Landgut Castelen, Augst.
Holler, Theresa (24 May 2019). Drawing Plants and Weaving Flowers: The Bern Mille-fleur Tapestry as Herbaria (Unpublished). In: Workshop Drawing and Weaving: Lines, Indexicality, and Transferring Knowledge in the Premodern World. Universität Bern.
MacMurdie, Meekyung Ruth (23 May 2019). Gridding the Sky: From point to line to form in The Book of Constellations (Unpublished). In: Workshop Drawing and Weaving: Lines, Indexicality, and Transferring Knowledge in the Premodern World. Universität Bern.
MacMurdie, Meekyung Ruth (18 May 2019). Making Style History: Pattern Books and the Materiality of Comparative Aesthetics (with Jesse Lockard) (Unpublished). In: 9th Bern Research Camp on the Applied Arts. Universität Bern.
MacMurdie, Meekyung Ruth (13 April 2019). New Combinations: forming knowledge in The Book of Theriac (Unpublished). In: Image, Ornament, Matter: A Symposium on their Limits and Intersections in the History of Art. University of Florida, Gainesville.
Bailey, Jess Genevieve (17 December 2018). Engendering war: drawing military conflict in the late middle ages (Unpublished). In: Graduate Colloquium, Prof. Dr. David Ganz. Institute für Kunstgeschichte, Universität Zürich.
Quené, Saskia Christin (2 November 2018). Form follows material? Äquivokationen aus Gold und Licht bei Joe Ramirez (Unpublished). In: Kunst und Material: Repräsentation, Stofflichkeit, Prozesse. SIK-ISEA Zürich.
Quené, Saskia Christin (27 September 2018). Zwischen Geheimnis und Verrat: Die Pigmente des Judas Iskariot (Unpublished). In: Berner Mittelalter Zentrum. Universität Bern.
Bailey, Jess Genevieve (6 October 2018). Disability and Gendered Violence: bodies along the borders of armed conflict (Unpublished). In: Permeable Bodies in Medieval and Early Modern Visual Culture. University College London.
Bailey, Jess Genevieve (4 June 2018). Precarious Lines: violence, desire, and bodily difference in the long 15th century (Unpublished). In: Swiss Doctoral Summer School for Art History. Institut für Kunstgeschichte, Universität Zürich.
Holler, Theresa (20 November 2019). Informationsverarbeitung und Umkodierung medizinischen Wissens bei Petrarca (Unpublished). In: Informationsverarbeitung in der Stadt des 12. bis 16. Jahrhunderts. Interdisziplinärer Methodenworkshop. Rom, Deutsches Historisches Institut und Bibliotheca Hertziana.
Holler, Theresa (10 May 2019). Petrarch and Botany: A Discourse on Healing (Unpublished). In: 53rd International Congress on Medieval Studies. Medieval Institute, Western Michigan University.
Quené, Saskia Christin (15 March 2018). Zur Transformation des Goldgrundes: Licht und Gold in zwei Marienkrönungen des Fra Angelico (Unpublished). In: Forum Kunstgeschichte Italiens. Freiburg.
Quené, Saskia Christin (9 January 2018). Von Gold getragen? Humus und Figura in den Madonnen dell’Umiltà des Fra Angelico (Unpublished). In: Workshop Kolleg-Forschergruppe BildEvidenz. Freie Universität Berlin.
Sears, Andrew Russel (October 2018). Weaving, Spinning, Sewing: Dressing Relics at Herkenrode Abbey (Unpublished). In: University of Cambridge.
Sears, Andrew Russel (March 2018). Embroidered Heads': St. Ursula's Skulls and the Cologne Textile Trade, 1500 (Unpublished). In: Renaissance Society of America. New Orleans.
Fricke, Beate (10 December 2019). Im Gespräch mit Hartmut Dorgerloh - Provenienzen und Präsentationen – Das neue Humboldt Forum im Berliner Schloss (Unpublished). In: Provenienzen und Präsentationen. Kunstmuseum Bern. 10.12.2019.
Fricke, Beate (2021). Doppelte Anfänge in Genesisdarstellungen. Der Beitrag von Sapientia zur Schöpfung im Stammheim-Missale. (In Press). In: Hofmann, Henriette; Wildgruber, Gerald; Schellewald, Barbara; Schweinfurth, Sophie (eds.) Enthüllen und Verbergen in der Vormoderne. Eikones (pp. 223-245). München/Paderborn: Wilhelm Fink
Holler, Theresa (2018). Naturmaß, künstlerisches Maß und die Maßlosigkeit ihrer Anwendung. Simplicia in zwei ‚Tractatus de herbis‘-Handschriften des 13. und 14. Jahrhunderts. Das Mittelalter, 23(1), pp. 67-91. De Gruyter 10.1515/mial-2018-0006
Holler, Theresa (2018). Infernale Landschaften: Wie Dantes Commedia das Bild des Weltgerichts in Italien verändert. Deutsches Dante-Jahrbuch, 93(1), pp. 74-103. De Gruyter 10.1515/dante-2018-0005
Fricke, Beate (2021). Horizont und Panorama. Darstellungsmodi und Bildraum im 15. Jahrhundert am Beispiel der Scherzliger Passionswand. In: Heyden, Katharina; Lissek, Maria (eds.) Jerusalem am Thunersee. Das Scherzliger Passionspanorama neu gedeutet. Theologisch bedeutsame Orte der Schweiz (pp. 75-108). Basel: Schwabe Verlag
Fricke, Beate (2022). Speaking Bones and Narrative Pictures. Aniconism Versus Visual Narratives on Small Tabernacles in Late-Medieval Christian Art. In: Langer, Axel (ed.) Im Namen des Bildes. Die figürliche Darstellung in den islamischen & christlichen Kulturen (pp. 371-384). Berlin/Stuttgart: Hatje Cantz

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