The Ties between the World Trade Organization and Preferential Trade Agreements: A Textual Analysis

Allee, Todd; Elsig, Manfred; Lugg, Andrew (2017). The Ties between the World Trade Organization and Preferential Trade Agreements: A Textual Analysis. Journal of international economic law, 20(2), pp. 333-363. Oxford University Press 10.1093/jiel/jgx009

Full text not available from this repository. (Request a copy)

Although many believe preferential trade agreements (PTAs) are incompatible with the World Trade Organization (WTO), we lack empirical evidence on this topic. In this article, we examine international trade agreements—the source of trade law—and employ two types of text analysis to determine the presence of the WTO in PTAs. Our systematic comparisons of post-Uruguay Round PTAs and relevant WTO agreements reveal a strong, two-part presence of the WTO in PTAs. Nearly all recent PTAs reference the WTO explicitly, often dozens of times across multiple chapters. Likewise, in many of these same PTAs we find that substantial portions of treaty language—sometime the majority of a chapter—is copied verbatim from a WTO agreement. Moreover, multiple regression analyses reveal that larger countries and those most active in preferential agreement making are actually most likely to include a strong WTO presence in their PTAs. Additionally, the presence of the WTO in PTAs has increased over time. Our study contributes novel and robust empirical evidence to suggest that the ties between the WTO and PTAs are more solid than is realized.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

03 Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences > Other Institutions > Teaching Staff, Faculty of Business, Economics and Social Sciences
02 Faculty of Law > Department of Economic Law > World Trade Institute
10 Strategic Research Centers > World Trade Institute

UniBE Contributor:

Allee, Todd and Elsig, Manfred

Subjects:

300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 320 Political science
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 380 Commerce, communications & transportation

ISSN:

1369-3034

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Rebecca Anne Gilgen

Date Deposited:

13 Jul 2017 16:58

Last Modified:

13 Jul 2017 16:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/jiel/jgx009

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/101629

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback