High pre-ischemic fatty acid levels decrease cardiac recovery in an isolated rat heart model of donation after circulatory death.

Niederberger, Petra; Farine, Emilie; Arnold, Maria Regula; Wyss, Rahel Kathrin; Sanz-Garcia, Maria Nieves; Méndez Carmona, Natalia; Gahl, Brigitta; Fiedler, Georg Martin; Carrel, Thierry; Tevaearai Stahel, Hendrik T; Henning Longnus, Sarah (2017). High pre-ischemic fatty acid levels decrease cardiac recovery in an isolated rat heart model of donation after circulatory death. Metabolism, 71, pp. 107-117. Elsevier 10.1016/j.metabol.2017.03.007

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RATIONALE Donation after circulatory death (DCD) could improve cardiac graft availability. However, strategies to optimize cardiac graft recovery remain to be established in DCD; these hearts would be expected to be exposed to high levels of circulatory fat immediately prior to the inevitable period of ischemia prior to procurement. OBJECTIVE We investigated whether acute exposure to high fat prior to warm, global ischemia affects subsequent hemodynamic and metabolic recovery in an isolated rat heart model of DCD. METHODS AND RESULTS Hearts of male Wistar rats underwent 20min baseline perfusion with glucose (11mM) and either high fat (1.2mM palmitate; HF) or no fat (NF), 27min global ischemia (37°C), and 60min reperfusion with glucose only (n=7-8 per group). Hemodynamic recovery was 50% lower in HF vs. NF hearts (34±30% vs. 78±8% (60min reperfusion value of peak systolic pressure*heart rate as percentage of mean baseline); p<0.01). During early reperfusion, glycolysis (0.3±0.3 vs. 0.7±0.3μmol*min(-1)*g dry(-1), p<0.05), glucose oxidation (0.1±0.03 vs. 0.4±0.2μmol*min(-1)*g dry(-1), p<0.01) and pyruvate dehydrogenase activity (1.8±0.6 vs. 3.6±0.5U*g protein(-1), p<0.01) were significantly reduced in HF vs. NF groups, respectively, while lactate release was significantly greater (1.8±0.9 vs. 0.6±0.2μmol*g wet(-1)*min(-1); p<0.05). CONCLUSIONS Acute, pre-ischemic exposure to high fat significantly lowers post-ischemic cardiac recovery vs. no fat despite identical reperfusion conditions. These findings support the concept that oxidation of residual fatty acids is rapidly restored upon reperfusion and exacerbates ischemia-reperfusion (IR) injury. Strategies to optimize post-ischemic cardiac recovery should take pre-ischemic fat levels into consideration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Institute of Clinical Chemistry
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiovascular Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Herz- und Gefässchirurgie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Herz- und Gefässchirurgie

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR)

UniBE Contributor:

Niederberger, Petra; Farine, Emilie; Arnold, Maria Regula; Wyss, Rahel Kathrin; Sanz-Garcia, Maria Nieves; Méndez Carmona, Natalia; Gahl, Brigitta; Fiedler, Georg Martin; Carrel, Thierry and Henning Longnus, Sarah

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0026-0495

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Daniela Huber

Date Deposited:

21 Sep 2017 17:13

Last Modified:

14 Mar 2018 12:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.metabol.2017.03.007

PubMed ID:

28521863

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Circulating fatty acids Donation after circulatory death Glucose metabolism Heart transplantation Ischemia–Reperfusion injury

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.101630

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/101630

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