Quantitative assessment of brain tumor radiation treatment reveals decrease in tumor-supporting vessels

Haberthür, David; Hlushchuk, Ruslan; Potez, Marine Thérèse Charlette; Bouchet, Audrey Michele; Djonov, Valentin (13 June 2017). Quantitative assessment of brain tumor radiation treatment reveals decrease in tumor-supporting vessels (Unpublished). In: 12th annual Bruker microCT User Meeting. Bruxelles, Belgium. June 13, 2017.

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--- title: Quantitative assessment of brain tumor radiation treatment reveals decrease in tumor-supporting vessels author: - David Haberthür^1^ - Ruslan Hlushchuk^1^ - Marine Potez^1^ - Audrey Bouchet^1^ - Valentin Djonov^1^ include-before: ^1^ Institute of Anatomy, University of Bern, Switzerland date: \today --- # Aims Angiogenesis---the formation of new blood vessels---is an important factor for tumor growth [@Sherwood1971]. Reducing tumor-supporting vessels by radiation treatment is a powerful option for treating tumors; specialized treatments that deliver high radiation doses have shown to enable *excellent* survival rate [@Laissue1998]. Among rodent models for brain tumors, the 9L-gliosarcoma model is a widely used one, since it mimics important features of human brain tumor growth. Our aim is to extract and assess biologically relevant values of brain tumors (tumor and vessel volume, vessel surface, etc.) from rats that underwent different radiation treatments. These values are extracted based on two imaging modalities, namely microCT and magnetic resonance imaging (MRI). # Method Brain tumors were induced in 10-week-old Fisher 344 rats (n=59) by inoculation of gliosarcoma cells into the right caudate nucleus through the skull [@Bouchet2014]. Ten days after inoculation, tumor volume was assessed by MRI performed with a 4.7 T [Bruker Avance III](https://www.bruker.com/products/mr/nmr/overview.html) console [@Lemasson2015]. Based on tumor volume, animals were split into groups with comparable tumor size ready for either microbeam radiation therapy (`MRT`), conventional radiation therapy (so called broad beam, `BB`) or no therapy (`CTRL`). Irradiation was performed at the [ID17 biomedical beamline](http://www.esrf.eu/UsersAndScience/Experiments/CBS/ID17) at the European Synchrotron Radiation Facility. Details on the facility and the radiation treatment are described by @Bouchet2016. Briefly, rats were irradiated ten days after inoculation using two 8 x 10 mm irradiation fields focused onto the tumor location in the anterior part of the right hemisphere. For the `MRT`-animals, the irradiation field was split into 40 microbeams (width 50 μm, 200 μm on-center spacing) using a multislit collimator. The in-microbeam entrance dose was 250 Gy, the valley dose approximately 9 Gy. For the `BB`-animals, the irradiation was homogeneously applied to the same area with a dose equivalent to the `MRT` valley dose. On days 6, 10 and 14 after radiation treatment, rats were again imaged by MRI. Subsequently, they were infused with a contrast agent (μAngiofil, @Schaad2017) and their brains extracted. Fifty-four of those brains were imaged with a [Bruker SkyScan 1272](http://bruker-microct.com/products/1272.htm). The brains were immersed in 4 % PFA in a custom-made sample holder and imaged at 5 μm voxel size. After manually delineating the tumor regions of interest (ROIs) in CTAn we used a custom image processing pipeline in Python to assess the data sets and extract the aforementioned values. The automatic assessment pipeline analyzes the 54 data sets fully autonomous and in a reproducible way. Due to the contrast agent, separating blood vessels from the tumor volume was as easy as using standard gray value thresholding. This makes it possible to easily extract values like tumor and vessel volume and thus the vessel volume ratio. With a distance transformation we can also extract the vessel diameter and the vessel surface. # Results Tumor ROIs can easily be visualized. Figure 1 shows three example tumors from the whole set of scans. ![Visualization of three of the 54 scanned tumors. Left to right: Control, microbeam and broad beam radiation therapy.](img/Montage.png) Radiation treatment reduces the vasculature in the tumor, as can be seen in Figure 2. ![Box plots of the vessel volume per tumor volume.](../../Brain-Grenoble/fig/vessel_ratio.png) # Conclusion Using the described approach, we show that radiation treatment decreases the vasculature in the tumor, i.e. less vessels are available to provide the tumor with nutrients. Our unbiased, automatic assessment shows that the performed radiation treatment is successful. In parallel to performing the scans, we developed the analysis pipeline. The reproducible analysis made it possible to easily add more samples, i.e. preliminary results could be obtained early on in this study.

Item Type:

Conference or Workshop Item (Speech)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy > Topographical and Clinical Anatomy

UniBE Contributor:

Haberthür, David; Hlushchuk, Ruslan; Potez, Marine Thérèse Charlette; Bouchet, Audrey Michele and Djonov, Valentin

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

Language:

English

Submitter:

David Christian Haberthür

Date Deposited:

18 Jan 2018 09:35

Last Modified:

18 Jan 2018 09:35

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109159

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109159

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