Is there 1.5-million-year-old ice near Dome C, Antarctica?

Parrenin, Frédéric; Cavitte, Marie G. P.; Blankenship, Donald D.; Chappellaz, Jérôme; Fischer, Hubertus; Gagliardini, Olivier; Masson-Delmotte, Valérie; Passalacqua, Olivier; Ritz, Catherine; Roberts, Jason; Siegert, Martin J.; Young, Duncan A. (2017). Is there 1.5-million-year-old ice near Dome C, Antarctica? The Cryosphere, 11(6), pp. 2427-2437. Copernicus Publications 10.5194/tc-11-2427-2017

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Ice sheets provide exceptional archives of past changes in polar climate, regional environment and global atmospheric composition. The oldest dated deep ice core drilled in Antarctica has been retrieved at EPICADome C (EDC), reaching ~ 800 000 years. Obtaining anolder paleoclimatic record from Antarctica is one of the greatest challenges of the ice core community. Here, we use internal isochrones, identified from airborne radar coupled to ice-flow modelling to estimate the age of basal ice along transects in the Dome C area. Three glaciological properties are inferred from isochrones: surface accumulation rate, geothermal flux and the exponent of the Lliboutry velocity profile. We find that old ice (> 1.5 Myr, 1.5 million years) likely exists in two regions: one ~ 40 km south-west of Dome C along the ice divide to Vostok, close to a secondary dome that we name “Little Dome C” (LDC), and a second region named “North Patch” (NP) located 10–30 km north-east of Dome C, in a region where the geothermal flux is apparently relatively low. Our work demonstrates the value of combining radar observations with ice flow modelling to accurately represent the true nature of ice flow, and understand the formation of ice-sheet architecture, in the centre of large ice sheets.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Fischer, Hubertus

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1994-0424

Publisher:

Copernicus Publications

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Rätz

Date Deposited:

18 Apr 2018 14:19

Last Modified:

18 Apr 2018 14:19

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/tc-11-2427-2017

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109378

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109378

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