Stratifying risk in the prevention of recurrent variceal hemorrhage: Results of an individual patient meta-analysis.

Albillos, Agustín; Zamora, Javier; Martínez, Javier; Arroyo, David; Ahmad, Irfan; De-la-Peña, Joaquin; Garcia-Pagán, Juan-Carlos; Lo, Gin-Ho; Sarin, Shiv; Sharma, Barjesh; Abraldes, Juan G; Bosch, Jaime; Garcia-Tsao, Guadalupe (2017). Stratifying risk in the prevention of recurrent variceal hemorrhage: Results of an individual patient meta-analysis. Hepatology, 66(4), pp. 1219-1231. Wiley Interscience 10.1002/hep.29267

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Endoscopic variceal ligation plus beta-blockers (EVL+BB) is currently recommended for variceal rebleeding prophylaxis, a recommendation that extends to all patients with cirrhosis with previous variceal bleeding irrespective of prognostic stage. Individualizing patient care is relevant, and in published studies on variceal rebleeding prophylaxis, there is a lack of information regarding response to therapy by prognostic stage. This study aimed at comparing EVL plus BB with monotherapy (EVL or BB) on all-source rebleeding and mortality in patients with cirrhosis and previous variceal bleeding stratified by cirrhosis severity (Child A versus B/C) by means of individual time-to-event patient data meta-analysis from randomized controlled trials. The study used individual data on 389 patients from three trials comparing EVL plus BB versus BB and 416 patients from four trials comparing EVL plus BB versus EVL. Compared with BB alone, EVL plus BB reduced overall rebleeding in Child A (incidence rate ratio 0.40; 95% confidence interval, 0.18-0.89; P = 0.025) but not in Child B/C, without differences in mortality. The effect of EVL on rebleeding was different according to Child (P for interaction <0.001). Conversely, compared with EVL, EVL plus BB reduced rebleeding in both Child A and B/C, with a significant reduction in mortality in Child B/C (incidence rate ratio 0.46; 95% confidence interval, 0.25-0.85; P = 0.013). CONCLUSION Outcomes of therapies to prevent variceal rebleeding differ depending on cirrhosis severity: in patients with preserved liver function (Child A), combination therapy is recommended because it is more effective in preventing rebleeding, without modifying survival, while in patients with advanced liver failure (Child B/C), EVL alone carries an increased risk of rebleeding and death compared with combination therapy, underlining that BB is the key element of combination therapy. (Hepatology 2017;66:1219-1231).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Hepatology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Hepatologie

UniBE Contributor:

Bosch, Jaime

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0270-9139

Publisher:

Wiley Interscience

Language:

English

Submitter:

Thi Thao Anh Pham

Date Deposited:

15 Feb 2018 12:23

Last Modified:

15 Feb 2018 12:58

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/hep.29267

PubMed ID:

28543862

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.109620

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/109620

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