Decomposing the functional relationship between speed of information processing in the Hick paradigm and mental ability: A fixed-links modeling approach.

Rammsayer, Thomas H.; Pahud, Olivier; Troche, Stefan J. (2017). Decomposing the functional relationship between speed of information processing in the Hick paradigm and mental ability: A fixed-links modeling approach. Personality and individual differences, 118, pp. 17-21. Elsevier 10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.050

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In his scholarly work, Bob Stelmack insistently reminded that response times represent an index of various cognitive processes that are unlikely to be functionally related to individual differences in mental ability to the same extent. Here, we introduce a fixed-linksmodeling approach to cope with this so-called impurity probleminherent in virtually all reaction time (RT) measures used within the mental speed approach to intelligence. For this purpose, we decomposed the variance of individual differences in RT obtained with the Hick RT paradigm into an experimental latent variable (LV) representing individual differences in RT associatedwith the systematically increased number of response alternatives in the Hick task, and a non-experimental LV representing individual differences in RT unrelated to this experimental manipulation.While the experimental LV explained a significant portion of 11.6% of variance in mental ability, the non-experimental LV accounted for only 2.6%. This outcome clearly indicates that, with the Hick RT paradigm, the functional relationship between speed of information processing and mental ability is primarily caused by individual differences in decision latency as a function of the experimentally increased number of response alternatives. Fixed-links modeling proved to be a highly suitable procedure to deal with the impurity problem.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Personality Psychology, Differential Psychology and Diagnostics

UniBE Contributor:

Rammsayer, Thomas; Pahud, Olivier and Troche, Stefan

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 370 Education

ISSN:

0191-8869

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Karin Dubler

Date Deposited:

24 Apr 2018 09:47

Last Modified:

13 Nov 2019 07:17

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.paid.2017.01.050

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.112462

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/112462

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